Abbeville is a city in Henry County, Alabama, United States. It is part of the Dothan, AlabamaMetropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 census, the population was 2,688. The city is thecounty seat of Henry County. It is the first city alphabetically, both by city and state, in the Rand McNally Road Atlas. It is home to two high schools: Abbeville High School and Abbeville Christian Academy. It holds chapters of the Red Cross and Habitat for Humanity.
Abbeville is the oldest remaining colonial settlement in East Alabama from Florida to theTennessee line. Its older than the county of Henry and the State of Alabama. The city was named for "Abbe", a local Muscogee Indian man at the time of the town's settlement. The name means "a grove of dogwood trees". An active trading post was located in Abbeville in Alabama Territory early in 1819. The first settler gateway to the wiregrass was at Franklin located fourteen miles west of Abbeville.
In 1944, an activist African-American woman, Recy Taylor, was gang-raped by six white men. Even though the men admitted the rape to authorities, two grand juries subsequently declined to indict the men (as documented in the book, At the Dark End of the Street). From a historic point of view, "The Recy Taylor case brought the building blocks of the Montgomery bus boycotttogether a decade earlier."
In 1950 Abbeville had a population of 2,162.
Abbeville is a part of the Henry County Public Schools system.
Abbeville Post Office (ZIP code: 36310)