Aliceville is a town in Pickens County, Alabama. At the 2000 census its population was 2,567. According to the 2005 U.S. Census estimates, the town had a population of 2,465. Founded in the first decade of the 20th century, the town has become notable for its World War II-era Prisoner-of-war camp, Camp Aliceville.
Aliceville is located at (33.126276, -88.154427). According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all land.
Aliceville is home to the Federal Correctional Institution, Aliceville. Construction on the $250 million, 1,500-bed medium-security women’s prison began in 2008 and was completed in 2011. The facility also includes a 256-bed minimum-security work camp.
Aliceville is home to the Aliceville POW Museum, which houses papers, letters, documents, maps, and other material from the World War II prisoner of war camp situated in the town from 1942 to 1945. The museum opened in 1995 and, in addition to the POW material, houses a permanent exhibit on the Aliceville Coca-cola bottling plant.