Bartlesville is a city mostly in Washington County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 35,750 at the 2010 census, with a 2013 estimate of 36,258 according to the US Census Bureau.Bartlesville is 47 miles (76 km) north of Tulsa and 18 miles (29 km) from Oklahoma's northern border with Kansas. It is the county seat of Washington County.The Caney river runs through Bartlesville.
Bartlesville is the primary city of the Bartlesville Micropolitan area, which consists of Washington County and has a population of 50,976 as of 2010. Bartlesville Micropolitan area is also part of the Tulsa Combined Statistical Area CSA with a population of 988,454 as of 2010.
Bartlesville is notable as the longtime home of Phillips Petroleum Company. The company merged with Conoco as ConocoPhillips and later split into the two independent companies Phillips 66 and ConocoPhillips. Both companies remain in Bartlesville. Frank Phillips founded Phillips Petroleum in Bartlesville in 1905 when the area was still Indian Territory.
Downtown Bartlesville viewed from the Price Tower (2008)
Location of Bartlesville within Oklahoma
|Coordinates: 36°44′50″N 95°57′34″W|
Jacob Bartles, son-in-law of Delaware chief Charles Journeycake, moved from Wyandotte County, Kansas to Indian Territory in 1873. He settled first at Silver Lake, a natural lake south of the present city of Bartlesville. In 1874, he opened a trading post and post office on Turkey Creek, in what is now East Bartlesville. In the following year, he bought a grist mill on the Caney River and modified it to produce flour. Bartles then built a two-story general store and residence, and added a rooming house, a blacksmith shop and a livery stable. Other settlers soon moved into the immediate area, which was then called Bartles Town. In 1880, Bartles moved his Turkey Creek post office to this town. Bartles then provided the community with electricity, a telephone system and a water distribution system.
Development of the present city began after William Johnstone and George B. Keeler opened a general store on the south side of the Caney River in 1884. The first newspaper, The Weekly Magnet, began publication in March 1895. The town was incorporated in Indian Territory in January 1897. The town was surveyed and platted in 1898, and eighty acres were offered to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad for a depot. The railroad reached the town in 1899. The post office was moved from "North Bartlesville" in 1899. Bypassed by the railroad, Jacob Bartles moved his store to Dewey, Oklahoma.
In 1957, Bartlesville was the test site for the first experiment in pay cable television. The Bartlesville Telemovie System debuted with The Pajama Game, starring Doris Day, and aired it to an audience of 300 homes. The headline of the September 4, 1957 issue of Variety read "First-Run Films Now at Home".
Bartlesville is located at United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.1 square miles (54.6 km2), of which 21.1 square miles (54.6 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.09%) is water. (36.747193, -95.959498). According to the
The Caney River flows through Bartlesville separating the downtown area from the east side. The river flooded in October 1986 due to above average rainfall. The city was split in half for several days and the flood caused considerable property damage. The river left its banks again in June 2007, cresting five feet below the 1986 crest. Bartlesville is familiar with both very hot conditions in the summer with a record high of 115 °F and with very cold conditions with a record of low of -28 °F. However, even with this record of extremes, the climate of Bartlesville is considered Humid Subtropical with relatively mild winters and hot summers, with the majority of precipitation falling in spring, between the months of April–June. Bartlesville lies in Tornado Alley, meaning that severe weather including tornadoes can occur. Severe weather occurs most often in the spring months, and occurs with much less frequency throughout the rest of the year.
Price Tower, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, stands in downtown Bartlesville. It is the only realized skyscraper by Wright, and is one of only two vertically oriented Wright structures extant (the other is the S.C. Johnson Wax Research Tower in Racine, Wisconsin). The nearby Bartlesville Community Center, designed by William Wesley Peters, one of Wright's students, hosts the "OK Mozart" International Festival, an annual week-long music event in June. Begun in 1985 organized around the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the festival features performances of classical, jazz, light opera, and more. World-renowned musicians who have performed at OK Mozart include Itzhak Perlman, Joyce Yang, Joshua Bell, and André Watts. The Community Center also hosts the Bartlesville Community Concert Association's concert lineup.
The city also hosts several annual festivals and shows, nearly all focused in the downtown.Sunfestis scheduled the first weekend of June. It includes an arts and crafts show, a music festival, a kids festival, and a classic cars show in Downtown. A second classic air show and festival in the fall. An Oklahoma Indian Summer Festival held at the Community Center in Downtown Bartlesville each fall.
Bartlesville's downtown revitalization efforts are in full swing, with many blocks of National Register Historic District, and the catalyst project, the once burned out May Brothers and 1904 Buildings are coming to completion at the downtown's center. The original Kress Building has been taken over by Bartlesville Monthly Magazine and restored with the Frank Phillips Club on the first floor. The original Jane Phillips Memorial Hospital is about to undergo historic preservation for re-use as lofts, as downtown Bartlesville is so full of young professionals that the many developed historic lofts all have a long waiting list, and nearly twenty new retail and restaurant businesses have recently located in the downtown, including Indian Coffee, Lubella's Boutique, and Oklahoma's famous Hideaway Pizza. Downtown Bartlesville Inc., the Bartlesville Redevelopment Trust Authority, the Bartlesville Convention & Visitors Bureau and the Bartlesville Development Authority work in tandem to promote this thriving "Next City" in Oklahoma downtown redevelopment in a City rich in oil history and energized for the future with the highest job growth in Oklahoma.
Frank Phillips' former home in Bartlesville is a museum maintained by the Oklahoma Historical Society. His ranch and retreat about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Bartlesville is called Woolaroc (aportmanteau of the words woods, lakes, rocks). A working ranch of 3,700 acres (1,500 ha), Woolaroc houses a museum exhibiting Phillips' extensive Native American, western, and fine art collections. It holds one of the most complete private collections of Colt firearms in the world. The property includes the Phillips family's lodge and mausoleum, along with a huge wildlife preserve with herds of American bison, elk, Texas longhorn cattle, water buffalo, zebra, and more than 20 other animal species.
A Wall of Honor is located inside Washington Park Mall, with names of service members listed on panels beside cabinets that display military artifacts, photos, story boards, POW/MIA listings, and other exhibits. A special display honors Lance Corporal Thomas A. Blair, Oklahoma's first casualty during the Iraq War.
Bruce Goff designed Shin'enKan ("The House of the Far Away Heart") in 1956. Built for Joe D. Price as his house and studio, it was destroyed by fire in December 1996. However, Bartlesville is the home of multiple other Bruce Goff architectural masterpieces, a home for the Price Pipe and Supply Family, by Frank Lloyd Wright, and numerous homes by the famous Kansas City Architect, Edward Delk.
Oklahoma Wesleyan University, a private religious school affiliated with the Wesleyan Church, currently enrolls about 500 students at the main campus in Bartlesville and about 1000 including satellite and online campuses. About 700 students attend the local Rogers State University campus downtown.
Career and technical training is provided by Tri County Technology Center, which offers several programs for high-school and adult students along with short-term courses.
Bartlesville Public Schools are in the Bartlesville Public School District (BPSD).
Bartlesville's public schools include seven elementary (PreK-5) sites, Central and Madison middle schools (6-8), Mid-High (9-10), and the Senior High (11-12).
Private schools in Bartlesville include St. John School, a Catholic school, Coram Deo Classical Academy, and the Wesleyan Christian School, which is affiliated with First Wesleyan Church. Some students also attend Tulsa-area private high schools.