It is on U.S. Highway 395, the main north-south artery through the Owens Valley, connecting the Inland Empire to Reno, Nevada. US 395 also connects Big Pine to Los Angeles via State Route 14 through Palmdale.
Big Pine has a significant geographic feature (earthquake scarp) related to the [Lone Pine Earthquake of 1872.]
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,350 people, 571 households, and 403 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 214.5/km² (556.4/mi²). There were 668 housing units at an average density of 106.1/km² (275.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.07% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 4.30% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 3.19% from other races, and 5.70% from two or more races. 8.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 571 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.70.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,115, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had a median income of $41,827 versus $26,500 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,109. About 7.1% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
Wired telephone numbers working out of the Verizon California (formerly GTE California and prior to that Contel) Big Pine central office follow the format (760) 938-xxxx. As of 2002, numbers are in the 938-2000 to 938-3999 range except for coin telephones, which follow the pattern 938-99xx. As of June, 2005, numbers in the 938-5XXX block are assigned by Level 3 Communications. As of February 2006, numbers in the 938-7XXX block are assigned by Broadwing Communications.