Brenham is a city in east-central Texas in Washington County, Texas,United States, with a population of 15,716 according to the 2010 U.S. census. It is the county seat of Washington County. Brenham is south ofCollege Station, and about halfway between Houston and Austinapproximately 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Houston.
Brenham is renowned as the heart of the bluebonnet region in Central Texas. The local chamber of commerce promotes the Bluebonnet Trails and offers free maps to guide visitors along the most scenic wildflower routes, which also pass historic sites and attractions.
As the county seat for Washington County, the county is also home of the "Birthplace of Texas," the site of the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836 in the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos. This area is now a State Historic Site.
Brenham is also known for a German heritage festival that takes place each May called Maifest, similar to Volksfest.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,507 people, 4,907 households, and 3,115 families residing in the city. Thepopulation density was 1,541.5 people per square mile (595.3/km²). There were 5,317 housing units at an average density of 606.8 per square mile (234.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.99% White, 21.91% African American, 0.25%Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.75% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanicor Latino of any race were 10.25% of the population.
There were 4,907 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,198, and the median income for a family was $41,486. Males had a median income of $31,133 versus $22,152 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 12.8% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.
Greyhound Bus Lines offers bus services from the Stop N'Save at 601 East Main Street. Bluebonnet Cabs offers taxi service in and around the Brenham area.
Brenham is the home of and headquarters for Blue Bell Creameries, an ice cream brand that is especially popular in the state of Texas and the southeastern United States. Blue Bell is the third best-selling ice cream brand in the United States, despite being sold in only 23 states.
Brenham is also home to a large plant of Valmont Industries, manufacturing metal poles.
Brenham is also home to the Brenham State Supported Living Center, the largest of such facilities in the state. This facility provides home and care for mentally disabled peoples.
The City of Brenham is served by the Brenham Independent School District and Brenham Christian Academy. Schools in BISD include Brenham Elementary, Krause Elementary, Alton Elementary, Brenham Middle School, Brenham Junior High, and Brenham High School. The mascot for Brenham high school is the lion cub. Brenham is also the home of Blinn College, the oldest county-owned junior college in Texas. Blinn also has campuses in Bryan, Schulenburg, and Sealy.