Avalon, on Avalon Bay, is the only city on Santa Catalina Island. Besides Avalon, the only other center of population is the small unincorporated town of Two Harbors on the island. Its ZIP code is 90704 and it is in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 3,127, with another 195 close outside of the city limits. The population is now estimated to be over 3,500. The default for wired phone numbers in the Avalon central office is (310) 510-xxxx, however, beginning on August 26, 2006, many of the phone numbers were transferred to the newly created 424 area code.
The older parts of the town nearer the shoreline are dominated by small houses and two and three-story buildings in various traditional architectural styles. There are also several large apartment complexes nestled in the hills away from the shoreline, so that they are not obvious in most postcard photos of Avalon.
Avalon is a rural waterfront town with the usual tourist-oriented businesses and services lining the coastline. Apart from the town itself, primary attractions include various trails into the hills surrounding the town, and the Wrigley Memorial and Botanical Garden just outside of town in the hills to the southwest.
The city is served by several ferry lines with regular daily service to Newport Beach, San Pedro, Long Beach, Marina del Rey, and Dana Point. Catalina Airport (FAA Identifier: AVX), also known as Airport-in-the-Sky, is located at (NAD83 rounded from FAA-provided coordinates): , 10 miles to the west of Avalon. Fixed-wing flights other than emergency landings require prior arrangements. Several helicopter companies serve the city.
The main method of transportation in Avalon is by small gasoline-powered motorcars similar to golf carts. For purposes of vehicle registration, Catalina Island is divided into two parts: Avalon and everywhere else. It is very difficult to get a permit to have a full sized vehicle in Avalon. The city has its own strict permit program which local vehicle owners must comply with, in addition with the usual requirements imposed by the statewide Department of Motor Vehicles.
Visitors can walk, rent a bicycle, rent a cart, ride a shuttle bus, or hire one of several private taxis.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 3,127 people, 1,158 households, and 719 families residing in the city. The population density was 429.7/km² (1,112.4/mi²). There were 1,839 housing units at an average density of 252.7/km² (654.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.63% White, 0.74% Black 1.02% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 20.37% from other races, and 5.40% from two or more races. 45.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,158 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,327, and the median income for a family was $46,406. Males had a median income of $30,789 versus $24,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,032. About 9.2% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Children in Avalon attend schools in the Long Beach Unified School District.
Avalon is served by the K-12 Avalon Schools, which is divided into elementary, junior high, and high schools, but with a single principal . LBUSD also has a one-room school, Two Harbors Elementary School, at Two Harbors in unincorporated Los Angeles County.
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