Canby is an unincorporated community in Modoc County, California. It is located 17 miles (27 km) west of Alturas, at an elevation of feet ( m). at an elevation of 4314 feet (1315 m). It has a population of 413 people. The ZIP Code is 96015. The community is inside area code 530.
The first post office opened at Canby in 1874. The name honors Gen. Edward Canby, who died fighting nearby.
In the state legislature Canby is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cox, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. Federally, Canby is located in California's 4th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +11 and is represented by Republican John Doolittle.