Cedarville (formerly, Surprise Valley and Deep Creek) is an unincorporated community in Modoc County, California. It is located 20 miles (32 km) east of Alturas, at an elevation of 4652 feet (1418 m).
Originally known as Deep Creek, Cedarville was founded in about 1864 as a stopping place for wagon trains. In 1867 a trading post was being run by William Cressler and John Bonner, who later also built the first road over Cedar Pass, connecting Surprise Valley to Alturas and the rest of Modoc County. By 1880 the town was the largest in the valley, with a population of around 220. The town has grown little in the following hundred years; however, as of the 2000 census, Cedarville had an estimated total population of 849 (see below). The inventor of aerogel, Steven Kistler, was born in the town in 1900.
The ZIP code for Cedarville is 96104. Wired telephone numbers in Cedarville follow the format (530) 279-2xxx or 279-6xxx. Wired telephone service is provided by Frontier Communications. Cedarville Hospital, operated by the Surprise Valley Hospital District, is located on Main Street at Washington. Cedarville Airport is located along Surprise Valley Road 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of State Route 299.
The town hosts an annual Last Frontier Fair. Tourist services, such as bed and breakfast accommodations, are available in the community. An area attraction is the Warner Mountains, most of which are inside Modoc National Forest.
Surprise Valley offers hiking, fishing, birding, skiing, hunting, petroglyphs, photography, pioneer history and scenery.
Cedarville is located at 41°31' North, 120°10' West (41.31, -120.17).
The town is the largest in Surprise Valley, and is located on the western shore of Middle Alkali Lake.
The first post office opened in 1869. The current name is from Cedarville, Ohio. A 1913 book described Cedarville as being on Middle Alkali Lake and having a population of about 500.
The United States does not define a census-designated place called Cedarville, but it does define a Zip Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA), 96104. Because Cedarville is contained within this ZCTA, it is possible to obtain Census data from the United States 2000 Census for the area even though data for "Cedarville" is unavailable.
As of the census of 2000, there were 849 people, 381 households, and 249 families residing in the ZCTA of 96104. The population density was 3.2 per sq mi. There were 457 housing units at an average density of 1.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 92.8% White, 0.0% African American, 3.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 6.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 381 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.17.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who are 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there are 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,159, and the median income for a family was $36,938. Males had a median income of $37,136 versus $19,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,412. 18.5% of the population and 14.1% of families were below the poverty line.
In the state legislature Cedarville is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cox, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. Federally, Cedarville is located in California's 4th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +11 and is represented by Republican John Doolittle.
Satellite Image of Cedarville, CA. This image was taken on September 29, 1999 and is centered at -120.176, 41.532.