Cudahy (pronounced /ˈkʌdəheɪ/ KUD-ə-hay or /ˈkuːdəhaɪ/ KOO-də-hye) is a city located in southeastern Los Angeles County, California. In terms of area, Cudahy is the second smallest city in Los Angeles County with one of the highest population densities of any incorporated city in the United States. It is part of the Gateway Cities region.
Cudahy is populated predominantly by Latino immigrants and has a population of about 25,880.
Cudahy is located at.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi), all land.
Cudahy is bordered by Bell on the north, Bell Gardens on the east, South Gate on the south and southwest, and Huntington Park on the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,208 people, 5,419 households, and 4,806 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,345.3/km² (21,627.7/mi²). There were 5,542 housing units at an average density of 1,910.5/km² (4,951.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.14% White, 1.24% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 48.06% from other races, and 5.37% from two or more races. 94.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,419 households out of which 66.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.3% were non-families. 8.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.47 and the average family size was 4.58.
In the city the population was spread out with 39.9% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 11.7% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,040, and the median income for a family was $28,833. Males had a median income of $19,149 versus $16,042 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,688. About 26.4% of families and 28.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.1% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Cudahy is located in the 30th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon, and in the 50th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Hector De La Torre. Federally, Cudahy is located in California's 34th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +23 and is represented by Democrat Lucille Roybal-Allard.
Cudahy is named for its founder, meat-packing baron Michael Cudahy who purchased the original 2,777 acres (11.2 km2) of Rancho San Antonio in 1908 to resell as 1 acre lots. These "Cudahy lots" were notable for their dimensions—in most cases, 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 m) in width and 600 to 800 feet (183 to 244 m) in depth, a length equivalent to a city block or more in most American towns. Such parcels, often referred to as "railroad lots", were intended to allow the new town's residents to keep a large vegetable garden, a grove of fruit trees (usually citrus), and a chicken coop or horse stable. This arrangement, popular in the towns along the lower Los Angeles and San Gabriel rivers, proved particularly attractive to the Southerners and Midwesterners who were leaving their struggling farms in droves in the 1910s and 1920s to start new lives in Southern California. As late as the 1950s, some Cudahy residents were still riding into the city's downtown areas on horseback.
By the early 1960s, increasing property values, as well as changes in zoning permits and property tax assessment formulas, led many Cudahy residents to sell off their homes to real estate developers who radically developed the once lowly-populated town. Where the typical Cudahy lot originally contained only a small one- or two-story house, most parcels today contain at least two duplex or triplex apartment buildings, and often a two- or three-story apartment buildings containing dozens of units.
Fire protection in Cudahy is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. Police Services are contracted through the City of Maywood, by the Maywood-Cudahy Police Department.
The United States Postal Service Cudahy Post Office is located at 1619 Elizabeth Street.
Cudahy is a part of the Los Angeles Unified School District. Cudahy is served by several schools, including Teresa Hughes Elementary School, Park Avenue Elementary School, Elizabeth Learning Center (a neighborhood school for grades K-8 and a high school for grades 9 through 12), Ochoa Learning Center (K-8), and Bell High School in Bell.
South Region Elementary School 3 will open in Cudahy in 2010.
County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Cudahy Library at 5218 Santa Ana Street