Delhi is a census-designated place (CDP) in Merced County, California, USA. Delhi is located 18 miles (29 km) west-northwest of Merced, at an elevation of 118 feet (36 m). According to the 2000 census, the CDP population was 8,022. Since 2006, the population of Delhi is estimated to be about 15,000.
Pronounced "Del-high" as in Delta-Highline Canal, NOT "del-ee" like Delhi, India. , most residents of Delhi, California are immigrants from Mexico or direct descendants of Mexican immigrants.
Delhi is located at. It lies across the Merced River from Livingston. Hilmar is to the west; Turlock to the north; and Ballico to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.0 km²), all of it land.
Delhi is the largest unincorporated town of Merced County. It has its own unified school district with three K through 8th schools, (El Capitan Elementary, Schendel Elementary, and Harmony School), one high school, (Delhi Educational Park), and one continuation high school, (Shattuck Educational Park). Delhi's Harmony School has gone into P.I. now until further notice. Delhi is in the Turlock Irrigation District, which provides farm water and electrical service. The Delhi County Water District provides drinking water and sewer service.
The Delhi post office opened in 1912, closed in 1918, and re-opened in 1920.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,022 people, 2,126 households, and 1,832 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,725.2 people per square mile (666.1/km²). There were 2,186 housing units at an average density of 470.1/sq mi (181.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 53.34% White, 1.70% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 34.49% from other races, and 6.78% from two or more races. 55.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,126 households out of which 56.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.75 and the average family size was 4.00.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 37.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there are 98.6 men.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,629, and the median income for a family was $42,702. Males had a median income of $31,321 versus $19,777 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,960. About 9.8% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Delhi is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Jeff Denham, and in the 17th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cathleen Galgiani. Federally, Delhi is located in California's 18th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +3 and is represented by Democrat Dennis Cardoza.