Encino (Spanish for evergreen or holm oak) is a hilly district of the City of Los Angeles, California, United States. Specifically, it is located in the central portion of the southern San Fernando Valley and on the north slope of the Santa Monica Mountains. It derives its name from the Rancho Los Encinos (Ranch of the Evergreens), a parcel of land given to three Mission Indians by the Mexican government following its secularization of the California missions beginning in 1834. Rancho Encino was established in 1845.
The portion of the Los Angeles River that runs through the Encino area is one of only two unpaved areas necessitated by the high water table. The original aquifer that fed the City of Los Angeles is the one located below Encino.
Encino is bordered by Tarzana on the west, the Sepulveda Dam Recreation Area on the north, Sherman Oaks on the east, and the Encino Reservoir of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power on the south. The district's boundaries are roughly Mulholland Drive on the south, Lindley Avenue on the west, Victory Boulevard on the north, and the San Diego Freeway on the east. Major thoroughfares include Ventura, Magnolia and Burbank Boulevards, as well as White Oak Avenue, Balboa Boulevard, Haskell Avenue and Hayvenhurst Avenue.
As of the 2000 Census, the population of Encino was 40,946, with a population density of 3,864.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the district was 89.90% White, 1.78% African American, 4.38% Asian, 0.19% Native American, and 4.13% belonged to other races. Hispanic or Latino residents, of any race, were 4.62% of the population.
18.25% of the population was under 18, and 20.08% was over 64. The district contained 18,159 housing units in a land area of 10.59 square miles (27.44 square kilometers). Water covers 0.13 square miles (0.33 square kilometers) of the district.
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L.A." project supplied these Encino neighborhood statistics: population: 41,905; median household income: $78,529.
The local economy provides jobs primarily in health care (including one of two Encino-Tarzana Regional Medical Center hospitals), social services, and professional services (accounting and financial services, real estate, and legal) sectors. There are approximately 3,800 businesses employing about 27,000 people at an annual payroll of $1,400,000,000.
Most of Encino lies within Los Angeles City Council District 5, the portion north of the Ventura Freeway (U.S. 101) being in District 6. Encino is also represented in the city by the Encino Neighborhood Council, an advisory body under the auspices of the city Department of Neighborhood Empowerment (DONE).
Los Angeles Fire Department Station 83 (Encino) and Station 100(West Van Nuys/Lake Balboa) serve the community.
Los Angeles Police Department operates the nearby West Valley Community Police Station.
Encino is in Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors district 3.
The United States Postal Service operates the Encino Post Office at 5805 White Oak Avenue and the Balboa Van Nuys Post Office at 4930 Balboa Boulevard.
Area public primary and secondary schools are operated by the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4. As of 2008 Marlene Canter represents the district. Canter announced that she will not seek re-election after her term expires in June 2009.
The public elementary schools serving Encino are:
The public middle schools serving Encino are:
The public high schools serving Encino are:
Sherman Oaks Center for Enriched Studies is a magnet school in the area.
Zane Grey Continuation High School is in the area.
The private schools are: