Lincoln is a city in Placer County, California, United States. The population was estimated to be 42,126 in 2007. On July 17, 2007, Forbes.com listed Lincoln as the nation's fastest growing city from 2000 to 2006 with an increase of 238.6% in population. This growth is due to Lincoln being located in the rapid suburban development north of Sacramento, in Placer County.
The original townsite was surveyed and laid out in 1859 by Theodore Judah along the proposed line of the California Central Railroad. The name "Lincoln" was conferred in honor of Charles Lincoln Wilson, one of the organizers and directors of the California Central Railroad. The CCRR was planned as a rail link between the cities of Marysville and Sacramento via a connection to the Sacramento Valley Railroad in Folsom. Grading from Folsom to Marysville commenced in 1858 and was completed to Marysville by 1860. Track laying began that same year and the rails reached the site of Lincoln in early 1861. At this point, due to a lack of funds, further construction on the California Central was temporarily halted and Lincoln experienced a small-scale boom as the northern terminus of this new road. Within a few years, however, more investors were found and the line was extended to Wheatland, in Yuba County, bringing an end to this early stage of Lincoln's development.
When most of its population and business moved on with the railroad, the town settled into a lull until the early 1870s, when rich clay deposits of the Ione Formation were discovered nearby. This led to the establishment of Gladding, McBean & Co., the pottery for which Lincoln is famous, ushering in a new era of prosperity and growth.
Lincoln was once home to a significant Chinese American community, but it violently drove all its Chinese American residents out of town in March 1886.
Lincoln remained a sleepy town until the mid-1990s, when the suburbs of Sacramento started expanding out past nearby Roseville. The city is now enjoying a new period of growth. As of July 16, 2007 the population has been said to be 39,566², a growth of 236.8% since 2000, making Lincoln the U.S.'s fastest growing suburb.
In 2006, Lincoln was named an All-America City by the National Civic League. It was the only California city to be named an All-America City that year and only one of 10 cities to receive the prestigious award.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.3 square miles (47.5 km²), of which, 18.3 square miles (47.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.11%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,205 people, 3,874 households, and 3,033 families residing in the city. The population density was 612.6 people per square mile (236.5/km²). There were 4,146 housing units at an average density of 226.7/sq mi (87.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.64% White, 0.44% African American, 1.26% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 13.47% from other races, and 3.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.98% of the population.
There were 3,874 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,547, and the median income for a family was $51,166. Males had a median income of $38,460 versus $25,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,447. About 10.3% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.