Madera is a city in and the county seat of Madera County, California, United States. It is a principal city of the Madera–Chowchilla Metropolitan Statistical Area,which encompasses all of Madera County. It is located in California's Central Valley. As of 2009, the city's population is about 56,710. The City of Madera is home to the Madera Unified School District.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.3 square miles (31.8 km²), all of it land.
Madera is the location of the Madera American Viticultural Area.
38 Miles east of Madera is the geographic center of California. Geographic centers of the United States
Average January temperatures are a maximum of 53.9°F and a minimum of 35.9°F. Average July temperatures are a maximum of 98.3°F and a minimum of 61.4°F. Annually, there are an average of 105.2 days with highs of 90°F (32°C) or higher and an average of 30.8 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116°F on July 13, 1961. The record low temperature was 15°F on January 10, 1949.
Average annual rainfall is 10.97 inches and there are an average of 43 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 22.13 inches and the dryest year was 1932 with 4.73 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 7.11 inches in March 1991. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.60 inches on May 6, 2005. Although snow is rare, 4.0 inches fell in January 1962.
Landmarks include the notable and historic Madera water tower and the city's fully operational drive-in movie theater.
Noteworthy persons born or raised in Madera include:
Within the city of Madera, State Route 99 carries traffic in a generally northwest / southeast orientation. East of the city, State Route 41 can be accessed via either eastbound county roads, or via State Route 145, the latter of which turns from a northeast / southwest bearing to a directly south orientation within the city. The eastern terminus of State Route 152 is located 10 miles (16 km) to the north of the city, on State Route 99.
As of the census of 2000, there were 43,207 people, 11,978 households, and 9,438 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,515.3 people per square mile (1,357.4/km²). There were 12,521 housing units at an average density of 1,018.7/sq mi (393.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.15% White, 3.85% African American, 2.79% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 38.01% from other races, and 5.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67.75% of the population.
There were 11,978 households out of which 48.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 3.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 35.4% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,033, and the median income for a family was $31,927. Males had a median income of $29,776 versus $23,210 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,674. About 25.6% of families and 32.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Madera is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Jeff Denham, and in the 29th Assembly District, represented by Republican Michael Villines. Federally, Madera is located in California's 19th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10 and is represented by Republican George Radanovich.