Newark is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It was incorporated as a city in September 1955. Newark is an enclave, completely surrounded by the city of Fremont. Its population was 42,471 at the 2000 census. The California State Department of Finance estimates Newark's population to be 44,035 as of January 2009.
The southern end of the San Francisco Bay lies near the western edge of the city. State Route 84 runs through the city, and continues as the Dumbarton Bridge to cross the San Francisco Bay to reach Menlo Park. Interstate 880 serves as the eastern boundary with Fremont.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36.3 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.21%) is water.
Newark is named after The Castle Newark, Port Glasgow, Scotland By Mr. J. Barr Robertson. A post office opened in Newark in 1878. Newark incorporated in 1955.
As of the census of 2000, there were 42,471 people, 12,992 households, and 10,341 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,039.4 people per square mile (1,173.8/km²). There were 13,150 housing units at an average density of 941.1/sq mi (363.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.22% White, 4.01% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 21.30% Asian, 1.00% Pacific Islander, 13.75% from other races, and 7.07% from two or more races. 28.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,992 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.26 and the average family size was 3.59.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $69,350, and the median income for a family was $71,351 (these figures had risen to $78,367 and $81,652 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $46,061 versus $34,959 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,641. About 4.2% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Newark is located in the 10th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ellen Corbett, and in the 20th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Alberto Torrico. Federally, Newark is located in California's 13th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +22 and is represented by Democrat Pete Stark.
Newark's economy is at the edge of Silicon Valley and shares its economic pattern.
Cargill Salt, previously known as Leslie Salt, operates a large salt refinery in Newark which cleans solar salt produced in salt evaporation ponds in the San Francisco Bay. Other major employers include WorldPac, Saaed Enterprise, Risk Management Solutions, ADVO, Corporate Express, FullBloom Baking Company, and GE Security (Previously known as Invision), and Osborne Lumber Company, Inc.
Wedgewood manufactured stoves in town from the 1910s until the 1940s. Peterbilt manufactured trucks in Newark from the early 1960s up to the mid 1980s.
Newark is home to the NewPark Mall, a regional shopping center.
The former Sun Microsystems site near I-880, State Route 84 and the Dumbarton Bridge was purchased by BioMed Realty Trust and is now known as the Pacific Research Center.
The City of Newark has thirteen parks and sport play facilities, the Newark Community Center, the Newark Senior Center, and the George M. Silliman Community Activity and Family Aquatic Center (aka the Silliman Center). The Family Aquatic Center portion of the Silliman Center opened in the Summer of 2004 and includes a 32,300-square-foot (3,000 m2) indoor swim facility specifically designed for recreation, fitness, and instruction programs for the entire family. The 11,350-square-foot (1,054 m2) Natatorium includes four separate pools including: a 45' x 75' Activity Pool; a 245' long Lazy River pool (with a pair of 20' tall, curving water slides); a 4-foot (1.2 m) deep, 4-lane, 25-yard (23 m) Lap Pool; and a 15-person warm-water spa.
Every September, the city has a weekend dedicated to Newark Days .
Newark is home to a new campus of Ohlone College, a member of the California Community Colleges system. Other nearby educational centers include the University of Phoenix, ITT Institute, DeVry University, and Unitek College.
Newark has one high school, Newark Memorial High School, and junior high school, Newark Junior High School. Elementary schools include Kennedy, Bunker, Graham, Lincoln, Milani, Musick, Schilling, and Snow Elementary Schools.