Pittsburg (formerly, Black Diamond, City of New York of the Pacific, New York of the Pacific, and Pittsburgh) is a city located in eastern Contra Costa County, California, the outer portion of the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has one BART station, the Pittsburg/Bay Point Station located in Bay Point. The current zip code is 94565 for both Pittsburg and Bay Point, and the area code is 925.
In 1849, Colonel Jonathan D. Stevenson (from New York) bought the Rancho Los Medanos land grant, and laid out a town he called New York of the Pacific. By 1850, this venture failed. With the discovery of coal nearby, the place became a port for coaling, and adopted the name Black Diamond, after the mining firm Due to the industrial potential of the site, the name Pittsburg was proposed in 1909.
Pittsburg, founded in 1839, was called first "New York Landing", then "Black Diamond", before citizens voted on "Pittsburg" on February 11, 1911, in honor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with the "H" dropped. The current name was chosen due to the city's relations with the steel building industry, first established by the Columbia Geneva Steel Company. The original town site fronts on the Sacramento River Delta, reflecting its origins as a deep water channel river port. (As of January 1, 2007, new state legislation will enable the city to manage its own riverfront for commercial development and subsequent port operations).
Since the early 1900s, the city has grown inland to the south, then spread east and west along State Route 4, now a freeway carrying resident commuters to jobs in the San Francisco Bay-Oakland Region. The city has enjoyed continued residential redevelopment growth to the north, as well as ongoing construction of major subdivisions in the southwest hills. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,769.
The city has an extensive history of coal mining and industrial development since the late 1800s, with USS-POSCO Industries (a joint venture between US Steel and POSCO of South Korea) and Dow Chemical Company maintaining substantial plants in Pittsburg.
The post office first opened in 1868 as Black Diamond, and changed its name with the town's in 1911. Ramar International manufactures Magnolia Dairy Ice Cream, a Philipine specialty brand, in Pittsburg.
Pittsburg is home to Los Medanos College, a two-year community college that is part of the Contra Costa Community College District. The college's name is derived from that of the Rancho Los Medanos, one of the land grants made by the Mexican Government during its sovereignty over California from 1821 to 1846; Los Medanos, loosely translated from Spanish, means The Sand Dunes. Construction on Los Medanos College was completed in early 1979 and the campus opened its doors in the spring semester of 1979.
The public Junior high schools in Pittsburg are
The public elementary schools in Pittsburg are:
Private schools in Pittsburg include the Christian Center and School of Saint Peter Martyr.
The Pittsburg Delta View Golf Course, now a city-run facility, has a back nine designed by Alister MacKenzie, the architect who designed the course at the Augusta National Golf Club, home of the The Masters.
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,769 people, 17,741 households, and 13,483 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,639.0/mi² (1,405.0/km²). There were 18,300 housing units at an average density of 1,173.1/mi² (452.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.53% White, 25.89% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 12.65% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 16.11% from other races, and 7.22% from two or more races. 32.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 17,741 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.59.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,557, and the median income for a family was $54,472. Males had a median income of $39,111 versus $31,396 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,241. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.