Rosamond is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, USA, 20 miles (32 km) north of Palmdale, in the Antelope Valley, the westernmost desert valley of the Mojave Desert. Rosamond is also 13 miles (21 km) south of Mojave, at an elevation of 2342 feet (714 m). According to 2000 United States census data, the town population was 14,349.
Rosamond Skypark, Federal Aviation Administration identifier L00 (with two zeroes), is located atand features a paved 3,600-foot (1,100 m) runway.
Wired telephone numbers in Rosamond follow the format (661) 256-xxxx and the entire city is included in ZIP Code 93560.
Rosamond was originally established in 1877 as a townsite which was owned by the Southern Pacific Railroad and was named 'Rosamond' after the daughter of one of the railroad officials. The first local industries were mining and cattle. During the 1890s, gold was discovered and Miners quickly traveled to the area and populated it in order to strike it rich; however, the industry waned for many years, yet later had some success with a small boom during the 1930s. In 1933 Muroc Army Air Field was established, which has since been renamed Edwards Air Force Base in honor of fallen test pilot Glenn Edwards.
An ineresting place to explore, Rosamond changes with the seasons. Around the beginning of March is when the frost is at its heaviest, and later towards the middle of March the frost will end. Spring wildflowers include Lupines, the California Poppy, Fiddlenecks, purple owl's clover, California Goldfields, Creamcups, and Coreopsis. Summertime turns the landscape many shades of gold. Many types of reptiles are very active during the summer months. The Common Side-blotched Lizard is active on rocks, fences, and canyon walls. Summer nights are cool enough to hear the chorus of a Pacific Tree Frog or the hooting of a Barn Owl. Fall is great for stargazing with the family. Winter brings snow occasionally. Snow has become more common in the past few years, even to the point where Snow Chains were required to drive on the Antelope Valley Freeway.
Rosamond is situated on the northern end of the expansive Antelope Valley, which comprises the westernmost valley of the Mojave Desert. Because the elevation is in the range of 2000 to 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level, the area, like the other parts of the Mojave Desert region, is alternatively referred to as the High Desert. Some cities and communities within the trading area of Rosamond include Lancaster, Palmdale, Lake Los Angeles, Quartz Hill, Ridgecrest, and Santa Clarita. Residents of these desert cities and unincorporated communities share Sierra Highway, Angeles Forest Highway, Angeles Crest Highway (State Route 2), and the Antelope Valley Freeway (State Route 14) for commutes to the San Fernando Valley and Los Angeles Basin in order to get to work.
Willow Springs lies west of central Rosamond and was a watering hole for stagecoach travelers for generations. Due to the water now not available at the surface as it once was, the age-old springs are but a memory. Today Willow Springs Raceway is nearby, which hosts a variety of motor racing events - and attracting people from all over Southern California and beyond.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 52.3 square miles (135.6 km²), of which, 52.2 square miles (135.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.19%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,349 people, 4,988 households, and 3,626 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 274.7 people per square mile (106.1/km²). There were 5,597 housing units at an average density of 107.2/sq mi (41.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 72.01% White, 6.62% Black or African American, 1.32% Native American, 3.01% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 11.65% from other races, and 5.16% from two or more races. 25.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,988 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $42,307, and the median income for a family was $46,918. Males had a median income of $42,484 versus $26,745 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,440. About 11.6% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.