Sanger is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 18,731 at the 2000 census. Sanger is located 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast of Fresno, at an elevation of 371 feet (113 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.3 km²), all of it land.
The first post office opened in Sanger in 1888. The city incorporated in 1911. The name commemorates Joseph Sanger Jr., secretary-treasurer of the Railroad Yardmasters Association, who visited California in 1887.
The Sanger Railroad Depot was built in 1887 next to the Southern Pacific Railroad line that connected Fresno to Porterville. Sanger became a center for shipping grain, citrus and lumber from the nearby mountains. When the depot was retired, it was the oldest building in the city and was donated to the Sanger Historical Society which turned it into the Sanger Depot Museum in 1977.
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,931 people, 5,220 households, and 4,306 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,985.8 people per square mile (1,538.8/km²). There were 5,420 housing units at an average density of 1,141.1/sq mi (440.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.53% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 1.20% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 43.16% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 80.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,220 households out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.60 and the average family size was 3.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.1% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,072, and the median income for a family was $33,219. Males had a median income of $26,443 versus $22,808 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,625. About 21.0% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.3% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 1949, the city of Sanger was designated the "Nation's Christmas City" by the U.S. Postal Service. Which still to this day has a christmas tree standing.
In downtown Sanger is a mural of German born actress Nastassja Kinski, daughter of actor Klaus Kinski. This was created in 1982 by Sanger native artist Jose Maro Alvarado who now resides in the San Francisco Bay Area. The artist attended Sanger High School in the 1970s and graduated from UC Santa Barbara with a B.A. in Fine Arts. Alvarado continues to work and exhibit.
Francis Melvin Rogallo (January 27, 1912–September 1, 2009) was an American aeronautical engineer inventor born in Sanger, California, U.S.A.;
JOHN PETER BEIDEN "Pete" Fresno State Bulldog Baseball coach, Pete was born January 30, 1908, The Beiden family moved to Sanger in 1919, and Pete was a star athlete at Sanger High School. Pete Beiden became a baseball legend, not only in Fresno and the San Joaquin Valley , but throughout the baseball world. Pete's in depth knowledge of the fundamentals. BULLDOG DIAMOND is named after Pete called Beiden Field.
Tom Flores- graduated from Sanger High School, has 4 Super Rings,2 with Oakland Raiders,1 Los Angeles Raiders, 1 Kansas City Chiefs
The Outsiders is a 1983 American drama film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, an adaptation of the 1967 novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton. The movie was released in March 1983. Jo Ellen Misakian, a librarian at Lone Star Jr. High School in Sanger, California and her students, were responsible for inspiring Coppola to make the movie.
Sanger's high school is a large school. The school's mascot is an Apache. About 500-550 students graduate from Sanger High each year.
Sanger High School moved into a new facility at 1045 Bethel Avenue during the 2000 school year. The school received a California Distinguished High School Award for their academic improvement during the 2004-2005 school year. Dan Chacon is the current principal of Sanger High School. The Apache football team receives a great amount of fan support, along with their head coach Chuck Shidan.