Union City is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. As of the 2008 census, the current population is about 73,402. Union City was incorporated in 1959, bringing together the communities of Alvarado, Decoto, and New Haven. Alvarado was the original county seat of Alameda County in 1853, and the site of the first county courthouse is a California Historical Landmark (#503).
The San Francisco Bay Area Flight 93 Memorial is in Sugar Mill Landing Park. It was the first monument completed in the United States which was designed specifically to honor the passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93, which was bound for San Francisco, but was hijacked and crashed in rural Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Union City has a total area of 49.9 km² (19.3 mi²), all relatively flat land with no significant body of water. The Niles Cone aquifer, managed by the Alameda County Water District, supplies much of the water consumed by the city. Hayward borders the city to the north and Fremont to the south. Union City, Newark, and Fremont form the Tri-City area.
As of the census of 2008, there were 73,402 people, 18,642 households, and 15,696 families residing in Union City and a total of 17,130 jobs and 32,700 employed residents in 2000. The population density was 1,341.2/km² (3,473.0/mi²). There were 18,877 housing units at an average density of 378.6/km² (980.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.3% Asian (18.8% being Filipino and 8.6% being Indian), 20.4% White, 6.7% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.9% Pacific Islander, 11.5% from other races, and 6.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24% of the population.
There were 18,642 households out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 11.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 3.83.
In the city the population varied widely in age, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $87,891, and the median income for a family was $87,307. Males had a median income of $45,212 versus $35,085 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,890. About 4.8% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
Union City has an elected 3 member city council and 2 mayors. The mayor is Mark Green, vice mayor is Carol Dutra-Vernaci, and the city council members are Manny Fernandez, Richard Valle and Jim Navarro.
The Old Alvarado district of Union City is located on the west side of the city, centered around Smith Street and Union City Blvd. It contains the Union City Historical Museum and the Caesar Chavez Park. Just east of the Old Alvarado district in the Union Landing center is the unusual entertainment, iFly SF Bay, a skydiving wind tunnel designed for the general public.
Further southeast on Alvarado-Niles Road is the William Cann Memorial Civic Center, which contains the Union City Library and the City Hall. Across the road at the NW corner of Alvarado-Niles and Decoto Roads is El Mercado, which befitting the multicultural character of the city is now an Asian-themed shopping center. Northeast on Decoto Road is the BART Union City Station.
Public education is administered by the New Haven Unified School District which educates a total of 12,942 students for the 2008-2009 school year at 14 schools located in Union City and Hayward. James Logan High School, Conley-Caraballo High School,* New Haven Adult school serve over 6,000 + mainstream, alternative, continuation students and adults. Three private schools operate in Union City: Our Lady of the Rosary School, Purple Lotus Buddhist School, and Union City Christian Academy.
Union City is served by two highways. Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) along the city's western side provides access to the industrial and commercial areas of the city. SR 238 (Mission Boulevard) primarily serves eastern foothill residential areas. Public transportation is served by the Bay Area Rapid Transit district thru the Union City BART station, by AC Transit, and by Union City Transit and Paratransit. An intermodal station is envisaged at the BART Union City station to integrate with other modes of transportation including a future commuter rail system. The station is being planned and paid for by the city, state and regional agencies. Officials held groundbreaking ceremonies for the new facility on November 13, 2007
For the past decade, the city has envisioned a pedestrian-friendly downtown with higher-density housing and a mix of businesses, shops and public spaces near a major transit hub downtown project broke ground with November 13, 2007 groundbreaking of Intermodal passenger transport|intermodal station]]. Construction in the station district has been ongoing since about 2005 and is expected to continue for the next several years. Avalon Bay just completed 435 apartments next to BART, the Redevelopment Agency is working with BART to expand its station, and the Agency is about to begin construction on new roadways on the east side of BART.
Union City's official newspaper is the weekly Tri-City Voice Newspaper which serves Union City, Fremont, Newark, Hayward and Sunol.
Union City, Fremont, Newark are also served by the newspaper daily The Argus which is part of the Alameda Newspaper Group (ANG).
Nearby Hayward also has a ANG based daily newspaper called the Daily Review, AM and FM radio from Oakland and San Francisco reach Union City , and stations from San Jose, Sacramento and Salinas reach Hayward as well, as well as cable carrier, Comcast.
The San Francisco Chronicle is the Bay Area and Northern California's most widely circulated newspaper.