Vista is a city in north San Diego County, California. It was incorporated January 28, 1963. Located just seven miles inland from the Pacific Ocean in northern San Diego County, the City of Vista has a Mediterranean climate.
Vista has more than 25 educational institutions for youth, and a business park home to over 800 companies. Vista was listed as the seventh-best place in the United States for family life, based on factors such as jobs and business opportunities, education, climate, and cost-of-living in a 2008 review.
Vista is located at United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.4 km² (18.7 mi²), all land.According to the
Vista houses both the courthouse and the jail for northern San Diego County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 89,857 people, 28,877 households, and 20,791 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,857.3/km² (4,810.0/mi²). There were 29,814 housing units at an average density of 616.2/km² (1,595.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.27% White, 4.24% African American, 1.00% Native American, 3.70% Asian, 0.68% Pacific Islander, 21.33% from other races, and 4.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 38.94% of the population.
Vista and nearby San Marcos had a large Japanese American community since the late 1800s. Older sections of Vista are predominantly Latino (Mexicans in particular). And there are several thousand American Jews now living in Vista, a small part of the community's multiplicity of religions and cultures. Demographers stated Vista has a "minority-majority" population as Non-Hispanic whites are under half the city's population.
There were 28,877 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.48. The FBI crime index for 2005 was 32.9 for every 1000 residents.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,594, and the median income for a family was $45,649. Males had a median income of $32,936 versus $25,812 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,027. About 10.0% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Vista in 2005 was $60,531 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $49,153.
In the state legislature Vista is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick. Federally, Vista is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10 and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.
The Vista Unified School District serves Vista. Vista has eighteen elementary schools, six middle schools, and six high schools, including Rancho Buena Vista High School and Vista High School. Guajome Park Academy is a charter school with joint middle and high schools that receives part of its funding from the Vista Unified School District. Alta Vista Continuation High School is another option for teens who cannot attend regular school.
Vista was mentioned in The Los Angeles Times when the Vista Unified School District's school board was filled with an elected Christian fundamentalist group which tried to implement creationism into the curriculum in the 1990s.
Biola University has a branch campus in Vista.
Vista is home to two city-supported theaters: the Moonlight Amphitheatre and the Avo Playhouse. The Moonlight Amphitheatre is an open-air theater that specializes in musical productions, performing several during the course of the summer, including one youth production per season. The Moonlight has a winter season at the Avo Playhouse, which, when not holding the Moonlight Winter Season, produces many different plays which are not run by a central Avo-based production crew. The 34-year-old Amphitheatre has recently been rebuilt. The previous amphitheater included a small concrete stage and a terraced seating area. The new amphitheatre will include a fly loft with an electronic rigging system for scenery and equipment, backstage restrooms and dressing rooms, rehearsal room, workshop, costume room, orchestra pit, permanent theatrical equipment infrastructure, lighting and audio/visual equipment packages. New restrooms and disabled access upgrades were also new features.
Vista houses one movie theater, a Krikorian Cinema which opened in fall 2003.
There is a lot of open land in Vista, especially in the north, and much of it is dedicated city parks. The two most well-known within the city are Brengle Terrace Park and Guajome County Park. Brengle Terrace Park houses the Moonlight Amphitheatre, Alta Vista Gardens, a baseball field, a senior center, a playground, and the city community center, where the main offices of the city's day camps are held. Guajome County Park has 557 acres (2.3 km²) of land; part of this is in Vista and part is in nearby Oceanside. It features campsites, horse trails, and the Rancho Guajome Adobe, a National Historic Landmark.
Rancho Guajome Adobe and Rancho Buena Vista are two ranchos in and near Vista, built in the mid-nineteenth century. Both offer tours detailing the history of the ranchos and talking about life during the time they were built. Both landmarks are also available for special occasions.
The city's Parks and Recreation Department runs the Wave Waterpark, a small but well-equipped waterpark near the downtown area open from mid-spring to early fall. Vista also features the Antique Gas and Steam Engine Museum, an open-air museum featuring various pieces and demonstrations of agricultural equipment from the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Vista is home of a Japanese-American Cultural Center and Buddhist Temple, one of only two in California, and over 75 other churches and temples of various denominations.