|Motto: Traditional Values. Today's Technology.|
Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida
Century is located at(30.977648, -87.261500).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.7 km2), of which 3.2 square miles (8.4 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 3.69%, is water.
Century is located in the Western Highlands of Florida. This physiographic province of the northern Gulf Coast is made up of sand, silt, and clay hills. These highlands are deeply incised by creeks and rivers. Century is located on the western edge of the Escambia River floodplain. A small portion of the town (the eastern side) is within the floodplain itself. Most of the community, however, is located above the floodplain on level to gently sloping hillsides.
Century's roadway network is highly irregular. It does not conform to the state of Florida's section, township and range survey system, for two reasons. The first is because Spanish land grants were issued along the Escambia River in the 16th and 17th centuries. These boundaries established a unique survey system that contorted east-to-west survey boundaries once Florida became a state and a state survey system was adopted, at which time previously existing survey systems were "grandfathered" in. The second reason for an irregular roadway and property boundary system is due to the community originally being built around the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now the CSX railway). Automobile highways were eventually constructed, and closely paralleled the railway. A more modern highway (US 29) was constructed and moved many of the commercial operations west of the small original core of the community (now mostly located within the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company Residential Historic District).
U.S. Route 29 is used by residents of Escambia County to reach points north. Alabama State Route 113 leads north from the state line to Interstate 65 and provides the area with a route to Montgomery, Birmingham and Atlanta. From a southbound perspective, Century is en route between these major cities and the coastal beaches at Pensacola Beach andPerdido Key in Florida.
Fresh water supplies are abundant, with water being withdrawn as groundwater from the local sand and gravel aquifer.
In 1970, oil was discovered in the nearby community of Jay. Oil was also discovered near the town of Century, especially to its northeast. Oil became important to the local economy during the latter quarter of the 20th century.
Gravel and sand is mined in open pits in and near Century. These natural mineral deposits are essential to supporting the construction industries in nearby Pensacola and Mobile, especially for use as aggregate materials in concrete.
Timber and pulpwood are other valuable natural commodities of the area. Nearby papermills at Cantonment, Florida, and Brewton, Alabama, provide a market for cut pulpwood. Timber processing is conducted by another industry about ten miles south of Century.