El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California on the Santa Monica Bay, incorporated on January 18, 1917. It is one of the Beach Cities of Los Angeles County and part of the South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The population was 16,033 at the 2000 census.
The El Segundo and Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho San Pedro and later became Rancho Sausal Redondo ("Round Willow Patch Ranch"). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South. Originally a Spanish land grant, the rancho was later purchased by a Scotch baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to multiple owners. George H. Peck (1856–1940) owned the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still stands to his name. The city earned its name because it was the site of the second ("el segundo" in Spanish) Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast when Standard Oil purchased the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911. This is now known as the Chevron Refinery. The city was incorporated in 1917.
In 2006, El Segundo won an Eddy award for being the most business friendly city in Los Angeles county. El Segundo is in transition from being a predominantly Caucasian, blue-collar 'company town' to being a 'corporate' town where the tax base relies on a non-resident working population. Pollution and toxic waste cleanup remain issues as El Segundo restores industrial sites to shopping malls and sports facilities. The north and south boundaries of the town are the LAX airport and Manhattan Beach with the Pacific as the western boundary. The most prominent feature of the town is the massive oil refinery which borders the town center and the massive sewage treatment facility on the west side of the town. Office towers are not a prominent feature of this town from any but a very select vantage point. Aircraft noise from LAX is a major issue for residents on the north side of El Segundo. Residents are currently active in tree-planting along Imperial Highway.
El Segundo has many aviation-related and petroleum-related industries and operations.
In 1911, Chevron began its second refinery in 1911; the name El Segundo, Spanish for "The Second," came from the second oil refinery. In 1928 William Mines, an immigrant from Canada, leased land for a flying field. In 1930 Los Angeles Municipal Airport, later Los Angeles International Airport, opened north of El Segundo; its presence lead to the concentration of aerospace and aviation-related firms in the El Segundo area.
Many large aerospace companies have facilities in El Segundo, including Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, SpaceX and The Aerospace Corporation, which is headquartered there. It is also home to the Los Angeles Air Force Base and the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC), which is responsible for space-related acquisition for the military. In addition to the Chevron oil refinery, El Segundo is also home to the El Segundo power plant and adjacent to the Hyperion sewage treatment plant.
Toy manufacturer Mattel, satellite TV provider DirecTV, IT services firm Computer Sciences Corporation, power semiconductor company International Rectifier, grocery chain Fresh and Easy, the Internet company Internet Brands (parent company of CarsDirect), the vulnerability assessment company Rapid7, Teledyne Controls, and other companies are in El Segundo.
Prior to its dissolution, Unocal was headquartered in El Segundo.
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Boeing Satellite Systems||5,853|
|3||Northrop Grumman Corporation||5,446|
|6||DirecTV Operations, Inc.||1,448|
|7||Chevron Products Company/USA Inc.||1,886|
|9||International Rectifier Corporation||530|
The North American branch of the Japanese video game publisher and developer Square Enix has its headquarters in El Segundo.
By 1978 El Segundo, the host of various aviation-related companies, became the host of several offices of airlines. Japan Airlines operates its United States headquarters, which was moved from New York City to El Segundo in around 2003. at Suite 620 of 300 Continental Boulevard; Air New Zealand operates its United States headquarters in El Segundo. Other airlines with offices in El Segundo include Air Tahiti Nui, Aeroméxico, China Airlines, EVA Air, Air China, and Singapore Airlines.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.0 km² (10.8 mi²). 14.3 km² (5.5 mi²) of it is land and 13.6 km² (5.3 mi²) of it (48.70%) is water.
El Segundo is well known for its star athletes. Hall of Fame baseball player George Brett is from El Segundo and first played at the fields in Rec Park and at El Segundo High School. His older brother Ken Brett also had a long career in Major League Baseball. They grew up in a home at 628 Penn St. in El Segundo. George Brett's high school teammate Scott McGregor additionally went on to a long career in Major League Baseball. Other professional athletes from El Segundo include pitcher Dave LaRoche and basketball player and coach Paul Westphal.
As of 2007, El Segundo's population is 16,526 people. Since 2000, it has had a population growth of 3.07 percent.
Forbes lists El Segundo as having the 357th most expensive zip code in the country with a median home price of $816,536. Compared to the rest of the country, El Segundo's cost of living is 91.16% higher than the U.S. average. El Segundo public schools spend $5,494 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058. There are about 23 students per teacher in El Segundo.
As of the 2000 Census, the population density was 1,117.4/km² (2,894.6/mi²). There were 7,261 housing units at an average density of 506.0/km² (1,310.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 11.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,060 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $61,341, and the median income for a family was $74,007. Males had a median income of $52,486 versus $41,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,996. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.