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Friends Foreign Auto Repair VW Audi BMW 1857 N Birch Ave, Fayetteville, AR
(479) 871-6600
Pine Top Lodge 2035 E Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
Best Western Plus Landing View Inn & Suites 403 W Main St, Branson, MO
(417) 334-6464
Spry Girls 67 S Main St, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-5417
Candlewick Inn & Suites 2094 E Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-7111
Parts Unknown 26 S Main St, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 363-6415
The Regency Inn 4045 E Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-5959
Best Western Eureka Inn 101 E Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-9551
Best Western Inn of the Ozarks 207 W Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-9768
Days Inn Eureka Springs 120 W Van Buren, Eureka Springs, AR
(479) 253-8863
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Sovereign Risk Soutions Reviewed by: Kevin Morris I chose Sovereign Risk Solutions to provide a suitable insurance policy for my car. I discussed all the things that I wanted to be covered in the policy. They provided me the best suitable car insuran
Black Bear Design Group, Inc. Reviewed by: Peter Jones We chose Black Bear design to develop and design the website for our new business.We had a discussion with the representatives of Black Bear Design about the way we wanted our website to be and all ot
Steel LLC Reviewed by: Chris Mack We collaborated with the team of Steel LLC for the construction of an apartment. The structural steel was supplied by them. The quality of steel was great and the prices were not that high. The team o

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About Eureka Springs

Eureka Springs, Arkansas

 

 

 

 

City
Clockwise, from top: aerial view of Eureka Springs, Eureka Springs Public Library, Carroll County Courthouse, Commercial Historic District at night, Thorncrown Chapel

 

 

 

 

 

Eureka Springs is a city in Carroll County, Arkansas, United States, and one of two county seats for the county. It is located in the Ozark Mountainsof northwest Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,073.

The entire city is on the National Register of Historic Places as the Eureka Springs Historic District, and a popular tourist destination. Eureka Springs is a unique Victorian resort village. The city has steep winding streets filled with Victorian-style cottages and manors. The old commercial section of the city has an alpine character, with an extensive streetscape of well-preserved Victorian buildings. The buildings are primarily constructed of local stone and lie along streets that curve around the hills and rise and fall with the topography in a five-mile long loop. Some buildings have street-level entrances on more than one floor. Eureka Springs has been selected as one of America's Distinctive Destinations by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Eureka Springs has historically been called "The Little Switzerland of America" and "The Stairstep Town" because of its mountainous terrain and the winding, up-and-down paths of its streets and walkways. The streets wind around the town, and no two intersect at a 90 degree angle; there are no traffic lights.

 

 

 

 

 

History

View of Eureka Springs from atop an observation tower; the Crescent Hotel is visible on the horizon, 2008
Harding Spring, 2008
 
Thorncrown Chapel, 2006

Native American legends tell of a Great Healing Spring in the Eureka Springs area, and various cultures visited the springs for this sacred purpose.

The European Americans were another culture to consider the springs to have healing powers. After the Europeans arrived, they described the waters of the springs as having magical powers. Within a short time in the late nineteenth century, Eureka Springs was transformed into a flourishing city, spa, and tourist destination. Dr. Alvah Jackson was credited in American history with locating the spring and in 1856 claimed that the waters of Basin Spring had cured his eye ailments. Dr. Jackson established a hospital in a local cave during the Civil War and used the waters from Basin Spring to treat his patients. After the war, Jackson marketed the spring waters as "Dr. Jackson's Eye Water". The Ozarka Water Company was later formed in Eureka Springs in 1905.

In 1879 Judge J.B. Saunders, a friend of Jackson, claimed that his crippling disease was cured by the spring waters. Saunders started promoting Eureka Springs to friends and family members across the state and created a boomtown. Within a period of little more than one year, the city grew from a rural spa village to a major city.

On February 14, 1880, Eureka Springs was incorporated as a city. Thousands of visitors came to the springs based on Saunders' promotion and covered the area with tents and shanties. In 1881, Eureka Springs enjoyed the status of Arkansas's fourth largest city, and in 1889 it was the second largest city, behind Little Rock.

After his term as a Reconstruction governor, Powell Clayton moved to the heavily Unionist Eureka Springs and began promoting the city and its commercial interests. Clayton promoted the town as a retirement community for the wealthy. Eureka Springs soon became known for gracious living and a wealthy lifestyle.

Carrie Nation moved here towards the end of her life and founded Hatchet Hall on Steele Street, later operated as a museum, but now closed.

The only bank robbery to occur in Eureka Springs was on September 27, 1922, when five outlaws from Oklahoma tried to rob the First National Bank. Three of the men were killed and two others wounded.

In 1967, the famous 7-story Christ of the Ozarks Statue was built, and a year later, The Great Passion Play began. The play became America's #1 attended outdoor drama bringing in at least 7.6 million tourists to the area since its inception.

In 1980, the architect E. Fay Jones designed Thorncrown Chapel. It won design awards at the time and in 2006 was selected for the "Twenty-five Year Award" by the American Institute of Architects, which recognizes structures that have had significant influence on the profession. Because of the special nature and quality of its architecture, the chapel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.

 

 

 

 

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,278 people, 1,119 households, and 569 families residing in the city. The population density was 336.2 people per square mile (129.7/km²). There were 1,301 housing units at an average density of 192.0 per square mile (74.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.94% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. 3.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 1,119 households, of which 19.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.1% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 1,119 households, 54 are unmarried partner households: 36 heterosexual, 10 same-sex male, and 8 same-sex female households. 41.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,547, and the median income for a family was $40,341. Males had a median income of $27,188 versus $17,161 for females. Theper capita income for the city was $18,439. About 4.4% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.


 

 

 

 

Education

Public education

The community is supported by comprehensive public education from the Eureka Springs School District and its facilities:

 

 

 

Private education

Private school education is provided at:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eureka_Springs,_Arkansas


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