Founded in 1871 by William H Winter and originally named Fall City, it was one of many major stop points for pioneers leaving the Oregon Trail on their way to Sutter's Mill. In 1920 it was renamed Fall River Mills when developers embarked on an effort to establish a castle or fortress like Hydroelectric Power Plant in California's Northeast Wilderness.
Fall River Mills is known for its agriculture and its recreation. Being home to the production of cattle, wild rice, garlic, mint, hay, lavender and alfalfa. Fall River Mills is the home to a Clark Glasson designed and built golf course, fly fishing, hunting including big game and waterfowl, white water rafting, artists galleries, equestrian and rodeo events.
Fall River Mills has the only airport within 75 miles of Redding, California and Alturas, California. It was used as a pilot training base during World War II, but in 2007 it was expanded with larger/longer runways with new hangers and a new fueling area/system.
There are rumors that Fall River Mills and nearby McArthur would merge and incorporate into one city but it would take plenty of hard work and dedication from both communities to complete, they would most likely incorporate with 2,295 people.
Fall River Mills and nearby McArthur operate through a Local Chamber of Commerce, and includes the Fall River Mills Fire District, Fall River Mills Water District, Fall River Mills Cemetery District, Mayers Memorial Hospital District and the Fall River Mills Joint Unified School District with award winning elementary and high schools
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km²), of which, 2.7 square miles (7.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (2.14%) is water.
|Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures|
|Rec High °F||66||78||81||90||101||105||109||110||107||98||82||68|
|Norm High °F||47||52||57||64||73||81||89||89||83||71||54||46|
|Norm Low °F||22||25||29||32||38||44||47||44||38||31||26||22|
|Rec Low °F||-11||-8||8||17||18||27||27||30||22||10||7||-20|
As of the census of 2000, there were 648 people, 261 households, and 173 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 236.5 people per square mile (91.3/km²). There were 304 housing units at an average density of 111.0/sq mi (42.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 80.71% White, 9.57% Native American, 5.40% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.35% of the population.
There were 261 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $29,833, and the median income for a family was $34,306. Males had a median income of $35,197 versus $21,364 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,667. About 22.1% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.0% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Fall River Mills is located in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Sam Aanestad, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. Federally, Fall River Mills is located in California's 2nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +13 and is represented by Republican Wally Herger.