Fayetteville is a city developed along the Flint River in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 15,945. The city is the county seat of Fayette County. Fayetteville is located approximately 22 miles south of downtown Atlanta
|Motto: "A History with a Future."|
Location in Fayette County and the state of Georgia
Fayetteville was founded in 1822 as seat of the newly formed Fayette County, organized from territory ceded by the Creek people under a treaty with the United States during the period ofIndian removal. Both city and county were named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Marquis de Lafayette. Located along the Flint River, Fayetteville was incorporated as a town in 1823 and as a city in 1909.
This area was developed for cotton plantations, with labor provided by enslaved African Americans, who at one time comprised the majority of the county's population. Fayetteville became the trading town for the agricultural area. In the 20th century, as agriculture became more mechanized, many African-American workers left in the Great Migration to northern and midwestern industrial cities, which had more jobs and offered less oppressive social conditions.
The Fayette County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of seventeen elementary schools, six middle schools, and six high schools. The district has 1,379 full-time teachers and over 20,756 students.
The Fayette County Courthouse, built in 1825, only four years after the county and town's founding, is the oldest surviving courthouse in Georgia. The courthouse sits in the center of the Fayetteville town square and today houses the local chamber of commerce and the Fayette County Development Authority.
The Holliday-Dorsey-Fife House, built in 1855 by John Stiles Holliday, uncle of the western gambler John Henry "Doc" Holliday.
Pride Gardens-Founded by gay advocate, Niles Carl, the garden is a memorial to those lost to AIDS in Georgia since 1980.
The Margaret Mitchell Library, built in 1948, is today the home of the Fayette County Historical Society and houses Civil War and genealogical records.
Fun Junction USA, formerly Dixieland Fun Park, established in 1990, is the third largest amusement park in Georgia and has received awards for their annual Halloween festival. In 2011, a lawsuit filed by an African American employee prompted the NAACP to boycott the park after the owners were accused of racial profiling. The owner, John Williams, was accused of using racial epithets in reference to black go kart operators in 2013, resulting in a lawsuit.
Pinewood Atlanta Studios—owned and operated by the famed Pinewood Studios in London, GB—is located in Fayetteville. The film and television production studio, largest in the United States outside the state of California, opened in 2014.