Location in Wilkinson County and the state of Georgia
Gordon was founded as a depot on the Central of Georgia Railway.
Gordon is located at (32.885845, -83.335354).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.10%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,152 people, 826 households, and 579 families residing in the city. The population density was 398.3 people per square mile (153.9/km²). There were 951 housing units at an average density of 176.0 per square mile (68.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.72% White, 51.58% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.
There were 826 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,891, and the median income for a family was $39,189. Males had a median income of $33,661 versus $20,968 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,771. About 19.3% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.