The town was named after Oxford University, the alma mater of the founders of Oxford College. The entire town is also designated as a shrine of the United Methodist Church. Additionally, Confederate soldiers are buried in a small cemetery on the grounds of Oxford College.
The Dukes of Hazzard filmed its TV series opening credits (car?) jump on the grounds of the college.
Much of the city is part of the National Parks-designated Oxford Historic District.
Location in Newton County and the state of Georgia
Oxford was incorporated as a town in 1839 and as a city in 1914.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,892 people, 509 households, and 387 families residing in the city. The population density was 740.0 people per square mile (285.4/km²). There were 534 housing units at an average density of 208.9 per square mile (80.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.62% White, 32.72% African American, 0.42% Native American, 4.07% Asian, 0. 05% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.
There were 509 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. Of all households 20.8% were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 34.4% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 78.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,698, and the median income for a family was $43,571. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $25,556 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,206. About 8.8% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.