Glen Ellen is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. The population was 992 at the 2000 census. Glen Ellen is home to the Wolf House of Jack London, the home of Hunter S. Thompson at a point in his life and the location of Sonoma Valley Regional Park.
In 1859, Charles V. Stuart purchased a part of the Rancho Agua Caliente land grant and in 1868 began building a house there, eventually establishing a 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) vineyard he named Glen Ellen after his wife. The town that grew up around the vineyard also came to be called Glen Ellen, and Stuart's home was later renamed Glen Oaks Ranch.
Glen Ellen is at . The United States Census Bureau fixes the total area at 2.1 square miles (5.4 km²), none covered by water; however, Sonoma Creek, the principal river of the Sonoma Valley flows through Glen Ellen.(38.364564, -122.531085)
As of the census of 2000, there were 992 people, 340 households, and 219 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 473 people per square mile (182/km²). There were 387 housing units at an average density of 185/sq mi (71/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.42% White, 1.92% African American, 1.21% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 3.12% from two or more races. 8.47% of the population were Hispanic.
There were 340 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18, 49.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 25.0% of all households consist of individuals and 3.8% have someone living alone who is 65 or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. The age distribution is as follows: 28.6% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 120.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $52,143, and the median income for a family was $54,219. Males had a median income of $50,714 versus $35,952 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,680. About 11.5% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Writer Jack London lived in Glen Ellen from 1909 to his death in 1916, where he devoted much of his time to development of his Beauty Ranch and the building of his mansion, Wolf House. Many of his novels and stories, notably The Iron Heel and The Valley of the Moon mention Glen Ellen and Sonoma County. ("The Valley of the Moon" is a translation of Sonoma Valley's name given by the Pomo and Coast Miwok peoples.)
The site of his ranch is now Jack London State Historic Park, which contains the ruins of Wolf House, several ranch buildings, the grave of Jack and Charmian London, and a museum housed in Charmian London's "House of Happy Walls." The Wolf House Restaurant discontinued daily restaurant service in January 2008, but is open for special events. The Bar remains open.
Glen Ellen is also home to the Jack London Educational Research Foundation and the Jack London Bookstore.
The Sonoma Developmental Center is located just outside Glen Ellen near the Jack London ranch. Its predecessor, the California Home for the Care and Training of Feeble Minded Children, was the setting for Jack London's story "Told in the Drooling Ward."
Glen Ellen is located in the Wine Country and is part of the Sonoma Mountain AVA. Like all the communities in Sonoma Valley, Glen Ellen is home to many vineyards and wineries including B.R. Cohn Winery, Benziger Family Winery, Mayo Family Winery, and Valley of the Moon Winery.
Quarryhill Botanic Garden (www.quarryhillbg.org) also resides in Glen Ellen. Quarryhill is a research botanical garden housing one of the largest collections of temperate Asian plants in North America. Quarryhill's collection includes rare species such as Acer pentaphyllum, Cornus capitata, Holboellia coriacea, Illicium simonsii, and Rosa chinensis var. spontanea, all native to Sichuan, China, as well as extensive collections of various wild Asian dogwoods, lilies, magnolias, maples, oaks, roses, and rhododendrons. Quarryhill is open to the public.
In the state legislature Glen Ellen is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 6th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. Federally, Glen Ellen is located in California's 6th congressional district.