Hawaiian Gardens is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is the smallest city in the county (approximately 1.0 mi²) and was incorporated on April 9, 1964. The population was 14,779 at the 2000 census. The town's unusual name originated in a 1920s-era refreshment stand that was decorated with palm fronds and bamboo. It was the then-rural area's main landmark for many years, and its name stuck as the small town grew up around it. As one of seven Los Angeles County cities that allow casino gambling, more than $9.2 million (65%) of the city's revenue comes from Hawaiian Gardens Casino, a card club.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²). 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (2.04%) is water. Hawaiian Gardens is the smallest city in area in Los Angeles County.
Hawaiian Gardens, like the rest of the Los Angeles basin is well-known for its year-round pleasant weather:
-On average, the warmest month is August.
-The highest recorded temperature was 108°F in 2004.
-On average, the coolest month is January.
-The lowest recorded temperature was 30°F in 2002.
-The maximum average precipitation occurs in February.
Hawaiian Gardens has a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), enjoying plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.
|Hawaiian Gardens, California|
The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 71 - 79°F and lows of 50 - 62°F. Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Los Angeles, where temperatures frequently exceed 90°F (32°C) and occasionally reach 100°F (38°C).
The Los Angeles area is also subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18°F (10°C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast, but usually gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.
The Los Angeles region averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Coastal areas receive slightly less rainfall, while the mountains receive slightly more. Snowfall is extremely rare in the city basin, but the mountains within city-limit typically receive snowfall every winter.
The name Hawaiian Gardens is said to be derived of a bamboo shack refreshment stand opened at the corner of Carson and Norwalk boulevards in 1927. The stand was said to resemble a Hawaiian garden. The stand attracted a lot of business. The city grew with the increased productivity and tourism. The Hawaiian Gardens logo is a palm tree.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,779 people, 3,507 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,944.0/km² (15,389.5/mi²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 1,457.5/km² (3,773.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.24% White, 4.45% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 8.80% Asian, 0.74% Pacific Islander, 41.65% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. 73.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,507 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.52.
In the city the population was spread out with 36.8% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $31,840. Males had a median income of $21,074 versus $20,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,728. About 19.8% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Hawaiian Gardens is a General Law City (not a Charter city) and governs itself as a Council-City Administrator form of government. The City Council is elected by the constituents. The City Council appoints the City Administrator. The City Council establishes policies and the City Administrator, assisted by the Department Heads implements said policies to provide quality service to the public and the community.
The City Councilmembers must be Hawaiian Gardens residents and registered voters. City elections are considered non-partisan.
Fire protection in Hawaiian Gardens is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department provides law enforcement, utilizing the Lakewood Sheriff's Station.
In the state legislature Hawaiian Gardens is located in the 27th Senate District, represented by Democrat Alan Lowenthal, and in the 56th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tony Mendoza. Federally, Hawaiian Gardens is located in California's 39th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +13 and is represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez.
The United States Postal Service Hawaiian Gardens Post Office is located at 21101 Norwalk Boulevard.