Hughson has two stop lights, at the intersections of Hatch and Geer, and Keys and Geer. Hughson is surrounded by many types of orchards. It has been a long time farming community. Back when it originated, it was known for its enormous production of peaches. At one time, Hughson held the title of "The Peach Capital of the World". Peaches are no longer the primary crop in the area. Almonds orchards line many of the country roads surrounding Hughson. The almond production in the area is one of the largest in the world. The crops in that area are, but not limited to: Almonds, Peaches, Walnuts, Nectarines, Cherries, Apples, and the occasional vineyards of Grapes. In recent years many orchards have been torn down due to development.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,980 people, 1,223 households, and 993 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,554.3 people per square mile (1,372.0/km²). There were 1,252 housing units at an average density of 1,118.1/sq mi (431.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.79% White, 0.60% African American, 1.43% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 24.30% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38.82% of the population.
There were 1,223 households out of which 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.8% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25 and the average family size was 3.63.
In the city the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,385, and the median income for a family was $46,325. Males had a median income of $36,991 versus $25,521 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,636. About 16.1% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Hughson is located in the 14th Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cogdill, and in the 25th Assembly District, represented by Republican Tom Berryhill. Federally, Hughson is located in California's 19th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10 and is represented by Republican George Radanovich.