Mammoth Lakes is a town in Mono County, California, the county's only incorporated community. It is located 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Mount Morrison, at an elevation of 7,880 feet (2,400 m). The population was 7,093 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.2 square miles (65 km2), of which 24.8 sq mi (64 km2) are land, and 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2) (1.51%) water.
Visitors can take State Route 203 from the town of Mammoth Lakes to the Mammoth Mountain Ski Area, over Minaret Summit, then down to Devil's Postpile National Monument, with access to the Ansel Adams Wilderness.
The area has natural hot springs which are sometimes used after skiing. Other features include lakes, a soda springs, and an obsidian dome. Mammoth Lakes is north of the Owens Valley, a scenic area with extensive hiking opportunities.
The town is surrounded by mountains: on the west, Mammoth Mountain looms over the town, while to the south, the Sherwin Range dominates the view. This hilly terrain and the high altitude makes the area great for high-altitude training.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,093 people, 2,814 households, and 1,516 families residing in the town. The population density was 286.2 people per square mile (110.5/km²). There were 7,960 housing units at an average density of 321.1/sq mi (124.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.21% White, 0.41% African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.35% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.20% of the population.
There were 2,814 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 131.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 141.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,570, and the median income for a family was $52,561. Males had a median income of $31,280 versus $25,106 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,526. About 8.7% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Mammoth Lakes is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cox, and in the 25th Assembly District, represented by Republican Tom Berryhill. Federally, Mammoth Lakes is located in California's 25th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 and is represented by Republican Buck McKeon.
The Mammoth Lakes real estate market has gone through ups and downs over the past few decades. In 1980, an earthquake with magnitude of 6.1 on the Richter scale occurred. This sent area property values plummeting. A huge real estate surplus formed after this, Mammoth Lakes had a total of over 1200 properties on the market. The development of Mammoth Mountain ski area has had a direct effect on housing in more recent years. The tourist market has led to an explosion of property values. This peaked in 2003 when the median property value reached $750,000. Another peak occurred in 2006 with the sale of Mammoth Mountain ski area to Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc.
Mammoth Lakes is in the Mammoth Unified School District, which has its main office in town. An elementary school and a high school (Mammoth High School) are located in Mammoth Lakes. Mammoth Lakes also has a continuation high school (Sierra High School). Mammoth Lakes also has a public library.