Marina del Rey is a seaside unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California. Its population at the 2000 U.S. Census was 8,176. Its Fisherman's Village offers a view of Marina del Rey's dominant feature as one of the largest man-made small boat harbors in the U.S., with 19 marinas with capacity for 5,300 boats. The harbor, the Los Angeles Times said in 1997, is "perhaps the county's most valuable resource."
It is bounded on all sides by the City of Los Angeles. The beach-style homes, the strip of land against the beach, and the beach itself (see photo), west of the harbor, are within the City of Los Angeles limits, with a Marina del Rey address. The name of this strip is the Marina Peninsula. Via Dolce and the southern portion of Via Marina are the boundaries between L.A. City and the unincorporated area.
The marina itself, a specially designed harbor with moorings for pleasure craft and small boats, is surrounded by high-rise condos, hotels, apartments, shops, and restaurants. The area also includes the USC Information Sciences Institute and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, which regulates the Internet's address and domain name systems.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,176 people, 5,315 households, and 1,520 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,587.2/km² (9,289.5/mi²). There were 6,321 housing units at an average density of 7,181.8/mi² (2,773.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.46% White, 4.68% African American, 0.16% Native American, 8.21% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.
There were 5,315 households out of which 6.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.7% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 71.4% were non-families. 57.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.54 and the average family size was 2.31.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 6.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 50.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 108.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,447, and the median income for a family was $84,390. Males had a median income of $66,928 versus $51,854 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $58,530. About 6.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L.A." project supplied these "Del Rey" neighborhood statistics (reflecting that part of the larger Marina Del Rey neighborhood within the Los Angeles city limits): population: 29,895; median household income: $63,317.
Marina del Rey is governed and serviced by the County of Los Angeles and rests under the management of the Los Angeles County Department of Beaches and Harbors. All of the area's lands and waters are owned by the County of Los Angeles and are leased to private leaseholders on long-term agreements.
Residents are represented by their local elected Supervisor to the Fourth District of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, represented by Don Knabe. In the State legislature Marina del Rey is located in the 28th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jenny Oropeza, and, in the 53rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu. Federally, Marina del Rey is located in California's 36th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +11 and is represented by Democrat Jane Harman.
Businesses in the area are represented by the LAX Coastal Area Chamber of Commerce and the Venice Chamber of Commerce. ICANN has its headquarters in Marina del Rey.
Prior to its development as a small craft harbor, the land occupied by Marina del Rey was a salt-marsh frequented by duck hunters and few others. Burton W. Chase, a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, referred to the area as mud flats, though today the area would more properly be referred to as wetlands.
In the mid-1800s, M.C. Wicks thought of turning the Playa del Rey estuary into a commercial port. He formed the Ballona Development Company in 1888 to develop the area, but three years later the company went bankrupt.
In 1916, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers revisited the idea of a commercial harbor, but declared it economically impractical. In 1936 the U.S. Congress ordered a re-evaluation of that determination and the Army Corps of Engineers returned with a more favorable determination, however the Marina del Rey harbor concept lost out to San Pedro as a commercial harbor and development funding went to the Port of Los Angeles instead.
In 1953, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors authorized a $2-million loan to fund construction of the marina. Since the loan only covered about half the cost, the U.S. Congress passed and President Eisenhower signed Public Law 780 making construction possible. Ground breaking began shortly after.
With construction almost complete, the marina was put in danger in 1962-1963 due to a winter storm. The storm caused millions of dollars in damage to both the marina and the few small boats anchored there. A plan was put into effect to build a break-water at the mouth of the marina, and the L.A. County Board of Supervisors appropriated $2.1 million to build it. On April 10, 1965 Marina del Rey was formally dedicated. The total cost of the marina was $36.25 million for land, construction, initial operation.
The Marina Expressway, California state route 90, terminates in northeastern Marina del Rey and links the CDP with Culver City. A water shuttle service, WaterBus, is operated between several points throughout the harbor and offers service for $1 per person.
The Marina Expy. terminates and flows into SR-1, marked additionally as Lincoln Bl. Traveling north on SR-1/Lincoln Bl., the first junction reached is that of Maxella Avenue, a major east-west thoroughfare. Traveling south on SR-1/Lincoln Bl., the first junction reached off the Expressway is that of Bali Way, which connects to Admiralty Way, which encircles the Northern Marina as a whole. Admiralty Way terminates at Via Marina on its western end. Most major businesses and buildings in the Marina are situated along Admiralty Way, which is, in some ways, the Marina's Main Street.
As part of the man made design of the boat harbor, there were seven basins built and there are 7 respective jetouts from those basins, each of which has at least one street. From the northeastern end of the Marina, going clockwise, these streets are: Bali Way, Mindinao Way (terminates at Burton Chace Park), Bora Bora Way, Tahiti Way, Marquesas Way, Panay Way, and Palawan Way. Panay Way, Marquesas Way, Tahiti Way, and Bora Bora Way are all on the western side of the Marina and all terminate at Via Marina. Palawan Way is also on the west side, but it terminates at Washington Bl.
As for Washington, this major thoroughfare is present in the northwestern Marina, and then heads into Venice, where it intersects with SR-1/Lincoln Bl.. Washington Blvd. marks the northern terminus of Palawan Way and Via Marina.
Fire protection in Marina del Rey is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. The LACFD operates Station #110 at 4433 Admiralty Way as a part of Battalion 1. Public safety services within Marina del Rey are provided by the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department.
There are no schools located within Marina del Rey; the community is a part of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4. As of 2009 Steve Zimmer represents the district. Its students are within the attendance areas of Coeur d'Alene Avenue Elementary School, Marina del Rey Middle School, and Venice High School.
County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Lloyd Taber-Marina del Rey Library at 4533 Admiralty Way.
Marina del Rey has the second most restaurants per square mile of any United States city, town, or CDP, with the exception of New York City, which is first. The Villa Marina Marketplace has many of these restaurants.
The most notable restaurants in the CDP include:
Three very popular and notable restaurants that no longer operate were: