McKinleyville (formerly, Minorsville) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Humboldt County, California, United States. McKinleyville is located 5.25 miles (8.4 km) north of Arcata, at an elevation of 141 feet (43 m). The population was 13,599 at the 2000 census. It is also the location of the Arcata-Eureka Airport.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.1 km²), of which, 20.9 square miles (54.1 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (5.0 km²) of it (8.42%) is water.
McKinleyville consists of several watershed areas. The north bank of the Mad River in the farthest watershed to the south. Next watershed to the north is Mill Creek, then Strawberry Creek, Widow White Creek, Norton Creek, Patrick Creek and finally the farthest watershed to the north is the south bank of the Little River. To the west lies the Pacific Ocean.
McKinleyville is a community made up of a combination of smaller settlements. Joe Dow settled in the general area in the 1860s and that area was known as Dow's Prairie. Slightly south was a small community called Minor (also known as Minorville). Minor was first settled in the late-1800s. Just south of Minor was Calville. Calville was settled by the employees of the California Barrel Company. After President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901 the community of Minor changed its name in his honor. All three areas are collectively considered to be what is now known as McKinleyville. Dow's Prairie continues to be known by the original place name and, although it is considered part of McKinleyville, local residents further refine location by this neighborhood name. ,
The area had several nicknames. Derogatory names such as "Oklahoma by the Sea", "MACK Town", "McHickleyville" and "McKinleymobile" came from the area historically having lower property values, and a larger concentration of mobile homes.
The area serves as a bedroom community to neighboring Arcata and Eureka. Property values increased dramatically in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and the larger McKinleyville community has experienced gentrification. The town has made numerous attempts to incorporate as a city, but all of them have failed and the community is still trying and struggling to become a city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,599 people, 5,277 households, and 3,604 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 651.4 people per square mile (251.5/km²). There were 5,494 housing units at an average density of 263.2/sq mi (101.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.64% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 4.56% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, and 4.63% from two or more races. 4.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,277 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,047, and the median income for a family was $42,926. Males had a median income of $35,395 versus $24,385 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,870. About 11.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature McKinleyville is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Patty Berg. Federally, McKinleyville is located in California's 1st congressional district. McKinleyville is an unincorporated community served by the County of Humboldt and the McKinleyville Community Services District.
U.S. Route 101 extends north and south through the community. The route lies to the west of the majority of the community and bisects a small portion of the area. State Route 299 connects to U.S. Route 101 at the northern end of the nearby city of Arcata. SR 299 begins at that point and extends easterly to serve as the major traffic artery to the east for the community of McKinleyville.
Humboldt Transit Authority (HTA) is the major provider of public bus transportation in McKinleyville and the county. HTA has several stops in McKinleyville. Dial-A-Ride service is available from Humboldt Senior Resource Center through an application process.
At times, vehicle traffic into and out of McKinleyville has been restricted due to landslides on the U.S. Routes. A 7.0 magnitude earthquake on November 8, 1980 caused an over-crossing at Tompkins Hill, just south of Eureka, to collapse.
The Hammond Trail consists of over five miles (8 km) of hiking, biking, and equestrian trails linking Arcata, McKinleyville, and the surrounding areas. Following the historic Hammond Lumber Company railroad grade, the trail begins at the Hammond Bridge – which crosses the Mad River near the Mad River County Park – and extends north to Clam Beach County Park just south of Little River State Beach (Note: There is an overnight campground at Clam Beach County Park).
The Hammond Trail is also a recreation and transportation corridor traveling through rural and suburban areas of Humboldt County and is a part of both the California Coastal Trail (CCT) and the Pacific Coast Bike Route (PCBR).
The Arcata-Eureka Airport is a full service airport located in McKinleyville. The name of the airport comes from the names of the primary population centers that it serves. The location of this airport was chosen to serve as an experimental field to test landing during heavy fog conditions. Due to weather patterns and geographic conditions the area is one of the foggiest in Northern California.
A deep water port is located roughly 18 miles (29 km) to the south, across the bay from the city of Eureka. The port is serviced in the community of Samoa.
Several small marinas are in Eureka and are available for private use.
McKinleyville's climate is characterized by mild, rainy winters and cool, dry summers, with an average temperature of 55°F (13 °C). The area experiences coastal influence fog year round.
World's Largest Single Log Totem Pole - Not Tallest