Jackson is the capital and the most populous city of the State of Mississippi. As of the 2000 census, Jackson's population was 184,256. As of July 1, 2006, the census estimates that the Jackson Metropolitan Area (MSA), including its suburbs in Hinds, Rankin, Madison, Copiah, and Simpson counties, has a population of 529,456, more than one-sixth the population of the state. Jackson is one of the county seats of Hinds County; Raymond is the other county seat. Jackson is also a part of the Jackson-Yazoo City Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The current slogan for the city is "Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul". Frank Melton is the current mayor of Jackson. The city is home to the international headquarters of Phi Theta Kappa, an honor society for the students enrolled in two-year colleges.
|City of Jackson|
Population by year 
Jackson remained a small town for much of the 19th century. Before the American Civil War, Jackson's population remained tiny, particularly in contrast to Mississippi's cities located along the commerce-laden Mississippi River. Despite the city's status as the state capital, the 1850 census counted only 1,881 residents, and by 1900 the population of Jackson had only grown to approximately 8,000. It was during this period, roughly between 1890 and 1930, that Meridian became Mississippi's largest city, though by 1944, Jackson's population had risen to some 70,000 inhabitants. Since that time, it has continuously been the largest city in the state. Large-scale growth, however, did not come until the 1970s, after the turbulence of the Civil Rights Movement. The 1980 census counted over 200,000 residents in the city for the first time. Since then, Jackson has steadily seen a decline in its population, while its suburbs have evidenced a boom.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 184,256 people, 67,841 households, and 44,503 families residing in the city. The population density was 678.2/km² (1,756.4/mi²). There were 75,678 housing units at average density of 278.5/km² (721.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.83% Black or African American, 28.79% White or Caucasian, 0.13% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2006, the Center for Immigrant Studies found Mississippi had the highest immigrant percentage growth rate all of states. The Jackson metro area is one of the South's emerging destinations for immigrants, many of which are Latino immigrants from Mexico.
There were 67,841 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,414, and the median income for a family was $36,003. Males had a median income of $29,166 versus $23,328 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,116. About 19.6% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
The following companies are headquartered in Jackson:
(All these high schools compete interscholastically in the Mississippi High School Activities Association or MHSAA)
High Schools that compete in the Mississippi Private School Association (MPSA)
Currently, Jackson is experiencing $1.6 billion in downtown development. Among the projects include improvements to or construction of the following: