Neptune Beach is a beachfront city east of Jacksonville in Duval County, Florida, United States. When the majority of Duval County communities consolidated with Jacksonville in 1968, Neptune Beach, along with Jacksonville Beach, Atlantic Beach, and Baldwin, remained quasi-independent. Like those other towns, it maintains its own municipal government but its residents vote in the Jacksonville mayoral election and are represented on the Jacksonville city council. The population was 7,037 at the 2010 census. Neptune Beach is part of theJacksonville Beaches community.
|Neptune Beach, Florida|
Images from top, left to right: Sunrise at the beach, City Hall, Beaches Town Center, Jaguar statue in the Beaches Town Center, Duncan U. Fletcher High School
Location in Duval County and the state of Florida
Neptune Beach was originally part of Jacksonville Beach. Through its development, the part of Jacksonville Beach north of 20th Avenue North was sparsely populated, with a brick road (First Street) connecting the more populated southern area with Atlantic Beach. According to the best accepted story, the name "Neptune Beach" originated in 1922 with Dan G. Wheeler, one of the few residents. Wheeler had a home at what is now One Ocean Hotel (now in Atlantic Beach), and had to walk all the way home from Mayport each evening after taking the Florida East Coast Railway train home from work in Jacksonville. A friend who worked for the railroad informed Wheeler that if he had a station, the train would have to stop for him, so Wheeler built his own train station near his home and named it Neptune.
Neptune seceded from Jacksonville Beach and incorporated as its own municipality in 1931, following a tax revolt. The comparatively few residents of the area were largely cut off from Jacksonville Beach city services such as police, fire, garbage collection, and road developments, though they paid taxes in equal share. The first mayor was O. O. McCollum, and the government met in Wheeler's old train station until a new town hall was completed in 1935.
Neptune Beach is one of several towns on San Pablo Island, which stretches through two counties (Duval and St. Johns) and extends fromNaval Station Mayport at its northern tip to Vilano Beach in the south, across from St. Augustine.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Neptune Beach has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km2). 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 4.5 square miles (11.7 km2) of it (65.96%) is water.