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Distinctive Siding & Window 11 Winkley Farm Ln Rochester NH 03867
(603) 335-0194
Meineke Car Care Center 131 Farmington Rd, Rochester, NH
JCPenney Co 25 Lilac Mall (rt 125), Lilac Mall, Rochester, NH
(603) 332-9125
Governor's Inn & Restaurant 78 Wakefield St, Rochester, NH
(603) 332-0107
Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites Rochester 77 Farmington Rd, Rochester, NH
(603) 994-1175
Dave's Tri-City Towing LLC 50 Wakefield Street, Rochester, NH
(603) 332-7447
Kmart 21 Lilac Mall Road, Rochester, NH
(603) 332-2430
Enterprise Rent-A-Car 47 Farmington Rd, Rochester, New Hampshire
(603) 332-5667
KeySource Real Estate 50 North Main Street, Rochester, NH
(603) 335-0700
HASBENSYSTEMS 292 Old Dover Road, Rochester, NH
(603) 682-5425
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Black Bear Design Group, Inc. Reviewed by: Peter Jones We chose Black Bear design to develop and design the website for our new business.We had a discussion with the representatives of Black Bear Design about the way we wanted our website to be and all ot
Steel LLC Reviewed by: Chris Mack We collaborated with the team of Steel LLC for the construction of an apartment. The structural steel was supplied by them. The quality of steel was great and the prices were not that high. The team o
Seemray LLC Reviewed by: AlexAhoo he quality of windows is above average and the price was more than reasonable. Their workers did the installation job perfectly; exterior of my house now looks so much nicer. The job was completed in

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About Rochester

Rochester is a city in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 28,461, the largest in New Hampshire's Seacoast region. The New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning estimated its population at 30,684 in 2005, making it the New Hampshire community with the third greatest population increase since 2000[1]. The city includes the villages of East Rochester and Gonic. Rochester is home to Skyhaven Airport and the annual Rochester Fair.

History

Rochester was once inhabited by Abenaki Indians of the Pennacook tribe. They fished, hunted and farmed, moving locations when their agriculture exhausted the soil for growing pumpkins, squash, beans and maize. Gonic was called Squamanogonic, meaning "the water of the clay place hill."

The town would be one of four granted by Colonial Governor Samuel Shute of Massachusetts during his brief term. Incorporated in 1722, it was named for his close friend, Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester and brother-in-law to King James II. As was customary, tall white pine trees were reserved for use as masts by the Royal Navy. But hostility with the Indians delayed settlement until 1728, although attacks would continue until 1748. Early dwellings clustered together for protection, beginning near Haven Hill. Due to warfare or disease, after 1749 the Indians were gone. The community at that time included Farmington, which would be incorporated in 1798, and Milton, in 1802.

In 1737, the Reverend Amos Main became the first settled pastor of the Congregational Church, located on Rochester Hill. The building would be moved to Rochester Common, which then encompassed 250 acres and was called Norway Plain Mille Common after its abundant Norway pines. By 1738, the farming community contained 60 families. A statue of Parson Main, sculpted by Giuseppe Moretti, today presides over the town square.

Upper Dam c. 1905
Upper Dam c. 1905

The first large business was lumbering, although it would be overtaken by other industries as Rochester developed into a mill town with the Cochecho River to provide water power. In 1806, 6 tanneries were operating, along with a sawmill, fulling mill, and 2 gristmills. By the 1820s-1830s, the town had a cabinet maker and clockmaker. The Mechanics Company was established in 1834, producing woolen blankets which would win the premium quality award at the 1853 New York World's Fair. The Norway Plains Woolen Company manufactured blankets used by the Union Army in the Civil War, and in 1870 wove 1,600,000 yards of textiles, but by century's end was out of business.

In 1854, the E.G. & E. Wallace Shoe Company was established, eventually becoming the city's biggest employer, with over 700 workers in 1901. Its name changed to the Rochester Shoe Corporation in the 1920s. The Kessel Fire Brick Company was established in 1889, and at one time bricks for new buildings at Harvard University were made in Gonic. Carrying the freight were four railroads which once passed through Rochester, a major junction between Haverhill, Massachusetts and Portland, Maine. Agriculture continued to be important, and in 1875 the Rochester Fair was established. In 1891, Rochester was incorporated as a city.

During the Great Depression, however, several industries left for cheaper operating conditions in the South or went bankrupt. But the affluent mill era left behind some fine architecture, including the Rochester Public Library, designed by the Concord architects Randlett & Griffin, and built in 1905 with a contribution of $20,000 from Andrew Carnegie. Another notable structure is the 1908 Rochester City Hall and Opera House by George Gilman Adams, the auditorium of which has a floor that can be raised or lowered.

Demographics

City Hotel c. 1910
City Hotel c. 1910

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 28,461 people, 11,434 households, and 7,649 families residing in the city. The population density was 243.4/km² (630.3/mi²). There were 11,836 housing units at an average density of 101.2/km² (262.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.12% White, 0.52% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.

There were 11,434 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

Rochester Fair c. 1910
Rochester Fair c. 1910

In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,596, and the median income for a family was $47,324. Males had a median income of $34,290 versus $23,319 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,859. About 6.3% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

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