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Maryann Fazzone State Farm Insurance 619 New Loudon Rd, Latham, NY
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Red Rose Massage 644 Loudon Rd, Latham, NY
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DHR Properties 28-38 1st St, Troy, NY
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Albany-Mary Jo Flint, LMT 523 Western Ave, Albany, NY
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Hilton Garden Inn Troy 235 Hoosick Street, Troy, NY
(518) 272-1700
Decadent Sweets & Scents 63 Washington Ave, Rensselaer, NY
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Tek-Nik's Traveling Scissors Hair Salon 261 3rd St, Troy, NY
(518) 445-5592
Hot Shots Photo 893 New Loudon Rd #1, Latham, NY
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About Troy

Troy is a city in New York, USA, and the county seat of Rensselaer County. As of the 2000 census, the population was 49,170; in 1910, the population was 76,813. The city's motto is Ilium fuit, Troja est, which means "Troy was, Troy is."

Looking west down Broadway at downtown Troy

 

Troy is located on the western edge of the county and on the eastern bank of the Hudson River. Troy is home to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Russell Sage College, Hudson Valley Community College and the Emma Willard School, and was the hometown of Uncle Sam.

History

The site of the city was a part of the Van Rensselaer grant of 1629. Dirck Van der Heyden was one of the first settlers. A local legend that a Dutch girl had been kidnapped by an Indian male who did not want her to marry someone else gained some credence when two skeletons were found in a cave under Poestenkill Falls in the 1950's. One skeleton was female and caucasian with an iron ring. The other was native american and male. In 1707, he purchased a farm of 65 acres (26 hectares) which in 1787 was laid out as a village.

The name Troy (after the legendary city of Troy, made famous in Homer's Iliad) was adopted in 1789, and the region was formed into the "Town of Troy" in 1791 from part of the Rensselaerwyck Manor. Troy became a village in 1801 and was chartered as a city in 1816.

Prior to its rise as an industrial center, Troy was the trans shipment point for meat and vegetables from Vermont which were sent by river to New York City. The Federal Dam at Troy is the head of the tide in the Hudson River and Hudson River Sloops and Steamboats plied the river on a regular basis.

Troy's one-time great wealth was produced in the steel industry, with the first American Bessemer converter erected on the small Posten Kill (kill is Dutch for creek) in a small valley near the middle of the city. The industry first used charcoal and iron ore from the Adirondacks. Later on, Ore and coal from the Midwest was shipped on the Erie Canal to Troy, and there processed before being sent on down the Hudson to New York City. The steel was also used by the extensive federal arsenal across the Hudson at Watervliet, then called West Troy. After the American Civil War, the steel production industry moved west to be closer to raw materials. The presence of iron and steel also made it possible for Troy to be an early site in the development of iron storefronts and steel structural supports in architecture, and there are some significant early examples still in the city.


Troy was also the home of W&LE Gurley, Co., makers of precision instruments. Gurley's theodolites were used to survey much of the American West after the Civil War and were highly regarded until laser and digital technology eclipsed the telescope and compass technology in the 1970's.


During the golden age of industry in the 19th Century Troy was also home to a manufacturer of racing shells who used impregnated paper in a process that presaged the later use of fiberglass, kevlar and carbon fiber composites.

Troy has been nearly destroyed by fire three times. In 1892, there were election riots there during which Robert Ross was murdered. One of his alleged slayers, "Bat" Shea, was executed in 1896.

In 1900 Troy annexed Lansingburgh, a former town and village in Rensselaer County. Lansingburgh is thus often referred to as "North Troy, this however is a misnomer. Prior to the annexation that portion of Troy north of Division Street was called North Troy and the neigborhood south of Washington Park is referred to as South Troy. To avoid confusion with streets in Troy following the annexation, Lansingburgh's numbered streets were renamed: its 1st Street, 2nd Street, 3rd Street, etc., became North Troy's 101st Street, 102nd Street, 103rd Street, etc. Lansingburgh was home to the Lansingburgh Academy.

Through much of the 19th and into the early 20th century, Troy was not only one of the most prosperous cities in New York State, but one of the most prosperous cities in the entire country. It was one of the centers of the American iron industry, as well as of the "collar and cuff" industry, the latter exemplified by Cluett, Peabody & Company. Cluett's "Arrow shirts" are still worn by men across the country, although Cluett's itself is no more. Bells manufactured by the Meneely Bell Company ring all over the world. People came from far and wide to shop at Frear's Department Store, which was one of the largest in the state.

Culture

Troy is home to many samples of Victorian architecture and iron work. The city has a large number of intact Tiffany stained-glass windows in original architectural settings.[2] With much 19th century architecture, several major movie have filmed in Troy, including Ironweed, Age of Innocence, Scent of a Woman, The Bostonians, The Emperor’s Club, and The Time Machine. There are many buildings in a state of disrepair, but community groups and investors are restoring many of them.

Emma Willard School quad.  Left to right: Slocum Hall, Sage Hall, Hyphen, Kellas Hall, Alumnae Chapel
Emma Willard School quad. Left to right: Slocum Hall, Sage Hall, Hyphen, Kellas Hall, Alumnae Chapel

As with many American cities, some buildings in downtown Troy were razed during the 1970s as part of so-called urban renewal. Today, however, many have moved to save the most historic of the remaining downtown structures.

Part of this effort has been the arrival of the "Antique District" on River Street downtown. Cafes and art galleries are calling the area home. As home to many art, literature, and music lovers, the city hosts many free shows during the summer, on River Street, in parks, and in cafes and coffee shops. The Troy Farmer's Market is a popular event since 2000 that occurs every Saturday on River Street during the summer, or in the Atrium of downtown Troy during the winter.

Many notable artists were born or grew up in Troy, including actress Maureen Stapleton and authors Alice Fulton, Don Rittner and Richard Selzer. Past notable residents include Herman Melville, Emma Willard, Russell Sage, and Jane Fonda. Several books by noted author Kurt Vonnegut are set in the fictional city of "Illium", which is modeled after Troy.

Troy has produced at least three Medal of Honor recipients, including Lt. Colonel William J. O'Brien and Sergeant Thomas A. Baker, both from U.S. Army, 105th Infantry, 27th Infantry Division in World War II, and Specialist Fourth Class Peter C. Guenette from U.S. Army, Company D, 2d Battalion (Airborne), 506th Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile), in Vietnam.

Landmarks

Some famous and interesting portions of Troy include:

Painted concrete slabs spelling out the city's name placed on the western slope of Prospect Park.
Painted concrete slabs spelling out the city's name placed on the western slope of Prospect Park.
Exterior of the Troy Public Library.
Exterior of the Troy Public Library.

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