Nolanville is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,259 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area.
|Motto: A Great Place to Live|
Location of Nolanville, Texas
|Coordinates: 31°4′44″N 97°36′30″W|
Nolanville reached its peak as a town between 1890 and 1900 when it went into a holding pattern. A weekly newspaper, the Item, was started by 1896. The first telephone service in Nolanville was started, using barbed wire for lines. There were two lines, a south and a north, with Nolan Creek serving as the dividing line. Nolanville School, one of the larger rural schools in the county in the early twentieth century, had ninety pupils in 1903. The first automobile appeared between 1900 and 1910. It was the automobile that caused Nolanville businesses to decline because it made the trip to Belton or Killeen so much shorter.
In 1921 a new two-story brick school was built, and in 1938 the original part of the present school plant was built. By the mid-1940s the community had 150 to 200 residents, but began to decline after the end of World War II. After dropping to fifty inhabitants in the 1950s, the town began to revive in the 1960s and had 200 residents and six businesses when it incorporated on March 27, 1961. By the late 1960s Nolanville was caught up in the expansion of the Killeen-Fort Hood area, and, as a suburban community, its population shot up to 740 in 1968.
Nolanville Common School District #50 ceased to exist in the spring of 1972. At that time it was annexed to the Killeen Independent School District by the Bell County Board of School Trustees. This action was requested by the Nolanville Board of School Trustees. The Nolanville Common School District was one of only three remaining common school districts in Bell County at that time. It was also uncommon for a school to consolidate because its enrollment and academic needs were greater than its capacity rather than because enrollment had dropped.
Nolanville enjoyed brief notoriety after a 1970s 60 Minutes exposed creative law enforcement practices. These practices continue to the current day, just not nearly as blatant. "Some people said the town is still shaking off its reputation for a “speed trap” town it garnered in the 1970s and 1980s. Reportedly, the CBS news show “60 Minutes” did a feature on Nolanville’s speed trap, which grew notorious for filling the town’s coffers with speed-ticket money." Speed traps and ambushes, no longer on Hwy 190, still appear to generate much needed revenue for the non-descript little town. At one point during the 1970s, because of its reputation, the commanding general of Fort Hood declared Nolanville off-limits to all military personnel. Maps of routes around Nolanville were posted in all company offices. While no longer off limits officially, nearby residents and military alike avoid the town.
By 1974, Nolanville's population was 1,050. It had grown to 1,834 in 1990 and 2,150 in 2000, then jumped to 4,259 as of the 2010 census.
Nolanville is located in west-central Bell County at (31.079004, -97.608278). It is bordered by the city of Harker Heights on the south and west. U.S. Highway 190, a four-lane freeway, passes through Nolanville, leading east 8 miles (13 km) to Interstate 35 in Belton and west 13 miles (21 km) to the entrance to Fort Hood at the western edge of Killeen.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Nolanville has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.0 km2), of which 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.51%, is water.
Nolanville is served by the Killeen Independent School District.