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About Cincinnati

Cincinnati is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Hamilton County.GR6 The municipality is located in southwestern Ohio and is situated on the Ohio River at the Ohio-Kentucky border.

Skyline of Cincinnati, Ohio

With a 2006 population of 332,252, Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city, behind Columbus and Cleveland, and the 56th largest city in the United States. The much larger metropolitan area, commonly called "Greater Cincinnati", stands as the second largest metropolitan region in Ohio, just behind Cleveland, and includes parts of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. As of 2006, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington Combined Statistical Area has a population of 2,147,617[2] (making it the 20th largest in the country) and is growing at a rate of about one percent annually.

Cincinnati is home to major-league sports, including the Cincinnati Reds (America's first professional baseball team), the Cincinnati Bengals (a National Football League team), the Cincinnati Masters (the oldest tennis tournament in the United States played in its original city)[citation needed], as well as several minor league teams, including the Cincinnati Kings (a professional soccer team), the Cincinnati Cyclones (a professional hockey team), and the Cincinnati Jungle Kats (an arena football team).

It is considered to have been the first major American "boomtown", rapidly expanding in the heart of the country in the early nineteenth century to rival the coastal metropolis in size and wealth. As the first major inland city in the country, it is sometimes thought of as the first purely American city, lacking the heavy European influence that was present on the east coast. However, by the end of the century, Cincinnati's growth had slowed considerably, and the city was surpassed in population by many other inland cities.

Cincinnati is also known for having one of the largest collections of nineteenth-century Italianate architecture in the U.S. [3], primarily concentrated just north of Downtown in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood, one of the largest National Historic Districts in the country.

Nicknames

Cincinnati skyline at night, from the Kentucky shore.
Cincinnati skyline at night, from the Kentucky shore.

Cincinnati has a number of nicknames, including the "The Queen City," "The Queen of the West,"[11] "The Blue Chip City,"[12] "The City of Seven Hills,"[13], and "Porkopolis."[14] These are more typically associated with professional, academic, and public relations references to the city and are not commonly used by locals in casual conversation.

Newer nicknames such as "The 'Nati" are emerging and are used in different cultural contexts such as the hip-hop scene and more casual settings. Don’t Trash the ‘Nati.

Some, particularly those of older generations, still use a regional pronunciation of the city's name where the final vowel ("I") is short as opposed to long. Phonetically, this variation would be spelled [sin-suh-nat-uh] instead of the generally accepted [sin-sin-nat-ee]. This has seen less usage in recent years.

The nickname, "The City of Seven Hills," is not now a literal description of the city, as there are many more than seven hills in modern Cincinnati. When the city was younger and smaller, the June 1853 edition of the West American Review, "Article III--Cincinnati: Its Relations to the West and South" described and named seven specific hills. The hills form a crescent around the city: Mount Adams, Walnut Hills, Mount Auburn, Vine Street Hill, College Hill, Fairmont (now rendered Fairmount), and Mount Harrison (now known as Price Hill).

A common abbreviation for Cincinnati is "Cincy," used in casual conversation and informal usage, and once was common in postal addresses. "Cinti" also is used, with somewhat less frequency, but can be seen on some road signs.

Cityscape

The Carew Tower not only is the tallest building in Cincinnati, but it also is a great example of French Art Deco.
The Carew Tower not only is the tallest building in Cincinnati, but it also is a great example of French Art Deco.

Cincinnati is unique in design as an American city, with its focus centered around Fountain Square, Cincinnati, which then is surrounded by its tallest buildings.

Cincinnati is home to numerous structures that are noteworthy due to their architectural characteristics or historic associations including the Carew Tower, the Scripps Center, the Ingalls Building, Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal, and the Isaac M. Wise Temple.

The city is undergoing significant changes due to an influx of new development and private investment as well as the beginning of the often-stalled "The Banks" project.

Economy

Procter & Gamble is one of many corporations based in Cincinnati.
Procter & Gamble is one of many corporations based in Cincinnati.
Fifth Third Bank can trace its history back to June 17, 1858, when the Bank of the Ohio Valley opened in Cincinnati.
Fifth Third Bank can trace its history back to June 17, 1858, when the Bank of the Ohio Valley opened in Cincinnati.

Cincinnati is home to major corporations such as Procter & Gamble, The Kroger Company, GE Aviation, Macy's, Inc. (owner of Macy's and Bloomingdale's), Convergys, Chiquita Brands International, Great American Insurance Company, Western & Southern Financial Group, The E. W. Scripps Company, the United States Playing Card Company, and Fifth Third Bank. Kao Corporation's United States headquarters are in Cincinnati as well. Comparatively-speaking, the region fares well nationally with 10 Fortune 500 companies and 18 Fortune 1000 companies headquartered in the Cincinnati area. Statistically, Greater Cincinnati ranks sixth in the U.S. with 4.98 Fortune 500 companies per million residents and fourth in the U.S. with 8.96 Fortune 1000 companies per million residents.[25]

See also: List of company headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio
See also: List of foreign consulates in Cincinnati

Secondary education

See also: List of high schools in Cincinnati

The Cincinnati Public School district includes 16 high schools, each accepting students on a city-wide basis. The area has a number of Catholic high schools, many of which are single-sex. The city and region is also home to a variety of other schools, both public and private.

Cincinnati is home to many public Montessori schools, one of which, Clark Montessori, is the first public Montessori high school in the United States.[26]

Post-secondary education

University of Cincinnati's McMicken Hall.
University of Cincinnati's McMicken Hall.

The city of Cincinnati is home to multiple colleges and universities, including:

Other colleges or universities in the region include:

Culture

Oktoberfest attracts hundreds of thousands of people with the Germanic themed festival.
Oktoberfest attracts hundreds of thousands of people with the Germanic themed festival.

Cincinnati is home to numerous festivals and events throughout the year. The Cincinnati Horticultural Society organizes the Cincinnati Flower Show in late April. This floral event, endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society, is staged at Lake Como at Coney Island and is claimed to be the biggest outdoor Flower Show in the United States. To celebrate its German heritage, Cincinnati hosts the second largest Oktoberfest in the world (after the original Oktoberfest in Munich, Germany). During the summer the Jazz festival is held during a weekend in July. The Tall Stacks festival is celebrated every three or four years to celebrate Cincinnati's riverboat history. The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden and a local bank sponsor the Festival of Lights during the holiday season. Other festivals include: Taste of Cincinnati, Goetta Fest (in Newport, KY), MidPoint Music Festival and the Cincinnati Bell/WEBN Riverfest.

The city plays host to numerous musical and theater operations, boasts a large park system, and has a diverse dining culture. One of Cincinnati's most famous attractions is Fountain Square, which serves as one of the cultural cornerstones of the region.

Cuisine

Findlay Market, Ohio's oldest still-functioning market
Findlay Market, Ohio's oldest still-functioning market

Cincinnati is recognized for the quantity and quality of its many gourmet restaurants. Until 2005, when the restaurant closed, The Maisonette carried the distinction of being Mobil Travel Guide's longest running five-star restaurant in the country. Jean-Robert de Cavel has opened four new restaurants in the area since 2001, including Jean-Robert's at Pigall's. Cincinnati's German heritage is evidenced by the many eateries that specialize in schnitzels and hearty Bavarian cooking.

Cincinnati is famous for its unique culinary delicacies. "Cincinnati chili" is commonly served by several independent chains, such as Skyline Chili, Gold Star Chili, Empress Chili, Camp Washington Chili, and Dixie Chili and Deli. In addition, Goetta is a meat product popular in Cincinnati, usually eaten as a breakfast meat.

Findlay Market is Ohio's oldest continuously-operated public market and one of Cincinnati's most famous institutions. The market is the last remaining market among the many that once served Cincinnati.

Music

Cincinnati's Tall Stacks Festival
Cincinnati's Tall Stacks Festival

Cincinnati gave rise to many popular bands and musicians, including Over the Rhine (which traces its roots to Cincinnati's Over-the-Rhine district), Bootsy Collins, Blessid Union of Souls, 98 Degrees, The Greenhornes, and Heartless Bastards. In addition, many other bands and musicians call the Greater Cincinnati region their home, including Adrian Belew and Peter Frampton. It is also home to the region's only non-profit for the experimental arts, Art Damage Inc.

Cincinnati is home to the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Cincinnati Opera, and Cincinnati Ballet. The Greater Cincinnati area is also home to several regional orchestras and youth orchestras, including the renowned Starling Chamber Orchestra.

Bridges

The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge is more commonly called the "Big Mac" bridge because of its resemblance to McDonald's iconic arches.
The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge is more commonly called the "Big Mac" bridge because of its resemblance to McDonald's iconic arches.
  • The Newport Southbank Bridge (a.k.a. the Purple People Bridge) which goes from Cincinnati to Newport, Ky.
  • The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, opened in 1866, links Cincinnati and Covington, Ky. This bridge was the prototype for the Brooklyn Bridge, also designed by Roebling. The bridge recently underwent moderate renovation for structural repairs and will be repainted later in 2007.[5]
  • The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge connecting Cincinnati to Newport and Cold Spring, Ky., was finished in 1976.
  • The Brent Spence Bridge connecting Cincinnati to Covington and serving as part of one of the largest trucking routes in the United States, I-75/I-71. Currently this bridge is under evaulation for destruction and revamping.
  • The Clay Wade Bailey Bridge (U.S. Routes 25/42/127, the Dixie Highway) connecting Cincinnati to Covington.

External links

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