Location of Allen, Oklahoma
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Allen is located on State Highway 1 about 19 miles (31 km) northeast of Ada, which is the county seat of Pontotoc County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), all land.
The superintendent for Allen Public Schools is David Lassiter, the 2011-2012 school year is his fourteenth year as superintendent. The school system has an elementary school, middle school and high school.
The school system's website is http://www.allen.k12.ok.us/.
As of the census of 2010, there were 932 people residing in the town.The population density was 1,042.1 people per square mile (403.5/km²). There were 430 housing units at an average density of 487.6 per square mile (188.8/km²).The racial makeup of the town was 77.29% White, 0.42% African American, 14.30% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.95% from other races, and 6.94% from two or more races.Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.00% of the population.
There were 384 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $22,632, and the median income for a family was $26,845. Males had a median income of $21,739 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,928. About 16.6% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over.
The town was founded in 1883 by a group of white settlers who had arrived in Choctaw Nation,Indian Territory in 1882 from Gainesville, Texas, led by Confederate Army veteran Doctor John Trigg Gilmore, his wife, Elizabeth Louise Oliveaux, their children, and relatives William and George McCall, with their respective families. They first settled in Cold Springs, northwest of the present town site, where other settlers soon joined them. The first log cabin was built in Allen in 1883, and this building was used as both a school and church. The town was named after the son of deputy United States marshal William McCall.
In 1892, Dr. Gilmore became Allen's first postmaster and founded the town's first Masonic Lodge two years later.
The Missouri, Oklahoma, and Gulf Railway built a line through the area in 1909, although it bypassed Allen, by a half-mile.