Location of Atwood, Oklahoma
|Coordinates: 34°57′25″N 96°20′13″W|
Named for Chester C. Atwood, an early settler of what would later became Hughes County, Oklahoma, an educated farmer, extensive area landowner, and elected Commissioner of Hughes County.
Chester Atwood was born in July 1862 in Central Texas, to natives of Tennessee who migrated to Texas before the American Civil War. In 1881, Atwood, left Texas for the Mushulatubbee District of the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory. Settling in western Tobucksy County, some 28 miles (45 km) west of a pioneer general store owned by J.J. McAlester, Atwood in 1882 married a young woman named Patsy Ann, of the Choctaw Nation, giving him settlement rights by marriage. By 1885 he was farming 25 acres (100,000 m2) of what later would become eastern Hughes County, and was enumerated in the Choctaw Nation census of that year.
Population growth in the community near the Atwood farm brought a Post Office designation January 23, 1897, with Newburg as the assigned name and Henry S. Halloway established as Postmaster.
By 1900, Chester Atwood had increased his land holdings and his family included wife Patsy Ann (familiarly called Mattie), daughters Ottie (b. 1883) and Arrie (b. 1886), son Bennie (b. 1887), daughter Allie (b. 1889), son Coleman (b. 1891), and daughters Lizzie (b. 1893) and Ambrozia (b. 1895). Two other children born after 1900 died before reaching adulthood.
At statehood, county lines in place under the Choctaw Nation were redrawn, and that portion of Tobucksy County in which Newburg lay, fell inside the new boundary of Hughes County. On December 3, 1909, two years after Oklahoma statehood, the town of Newburg was renamed Atwood, honoring Chester C. Atwood as one of the significant pioneer members of the community.
Atwood served as an elected Commissioner of Hughes County, and son Coleman Atwood worked as a local banker before moving to Holdenville during the Depression. Chester C. Atwood died after 1930.
The post office in Atwood was slated for possible closure by the US Postal service in 2012.
Atwood is located at (34.956977, -96.336816).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.