Caddo is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 997 at the 2010 census, a 5.6 percent gain from 944 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from part a native term for "real chief." According to Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, the town was named for the nearby Caddo Hills.
|Motto: "...The antique town on a buffalo trail"|
Location of Caddo, Oklahoma
The early inhabitants were Caddos and Choctaws.
After a patent for the land, located on a buffalo trail, was obtained in 1872, the first settlers lived in tents.
In 1872, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad (Katy) built a line through the Choctaw Nation and established a station at Caddo. A post office was opened December 18, 1872. In 1873, the town population was about four hundred people. Caddo quickly became a shipping and trade center for the surrounding area. By 1890, Caddo had five cotton gins and a population of 2,170. Caddo incorporated as a city in 1898. It was then the most populous town in the region.
When the St.Louis and San Francisco Railway (Frisco) planned to build an east-west line through the area, land prices jumped up. Frisco officials decided to build their line through Durant instead of Caddo. Durant then became the fastest-growing town, and became the county seat when Bryan County was formed at statehood. By 1930, Caddo's population had declined to 933.
On February 15, 2008, a magnitude 2.4 earthquake was reported in southern Oklahoma. The Oklahoma Geological Survey at Leonard recorded the quake at 9:41 a.m. Friday. The epicenter was three miles northwest of Caddo in Bryan County and seven miles southwest of Caney in Atoka County.
Officials say residents who were at Caney High School reported a sound like thunder and say the quake felt like a truck hit the school.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Caddo has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 944 people, 387 households, and 255 families residing in the town. The population density was 449.0 people per square mile (173.6/km²). There were 443 housing units at an average density of 210.7 per square mile (81.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.97% White, 0.64% African American, 13.67% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 7.20% from two or more races.Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.59% of the population.
There were 387 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $34,643. Males had a median income of $27,731 versus $18,846 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,890. About 14.2% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.8% of those under age 18 and 25.1% of those age 65 or over.