Fairfax is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States, within the Osage Indian Reservation. The population was 1,380 at the 2010 census, down 11.3 percent from 1,555 at the 2000 census. It is notable as the home of world famous ballerina Maria and Marjorie Tallchief.
Location of Fairfax, Oklahoma
Originally known as the village of Gray Horse, which was the center of one of the tribe's three major historic Osage bands, the present day town of Fairfax began in 1903, when the Santa Fe Railway built a line through the Osage Reservation from Kaw City to Ralston, Oklahoma. A Gray Horse merchant, Lew A. Wismeyer, persuaded railroad officials to build a depot near the village and leased 40 acres (16 ha) acres for a townsite. Wismeyer rejected the name Coda proposed by the railroad and convinced them to call the depot Fairfax. The Osage tribe retained title to the townsite until March 3, 1905, when Congress provided for the land to be sold at public auction, with the proceeds credited to the tribe. Fairfax had 470 residents at the time of statehood in 1907.
Fairfax is located at (36.571386, -96.706259). It is 28 miles (45 km) southwest of Pawhuska and32 miles (51 km) southeast of Ponca City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.