Location within Payne County and Oklahoma
Glencoe was founded in 1899 with the establishment of the Glenco Post Office on the Eastern Oklahoma Railway. The first lots were sold on April 15, 1900. After J. Hunter Williams, editor of the Glencoe Mirror, was named postmaster on January 4, 1901, he persuaded the U.S. Post Office Department to change the spelling of the town's name to Glencoe.[a] In its early history Glencoe served as a trading center for the area and agriculture was the mainstay of the local economy. On January 22, 1914 a fire swept through downtown and destroyed most of the business district. While, some businesses were rebuilt, the town's future growth was negatively affected by the fire.
Glencoe is located at United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land. The town is 7 miles (11 km) east of Stillwater, the county seat, on State Highway 51 and 8 miles (13 km) north on State Highway 108. (36.228164, -96.927696). According to the
As of the census of 2000, there were 583 people, 233 households, and 164 families residing in the town. The population density was 740.9 people per square mile (284.9/km²). There were 261 housing units at an average density of 331.7 per square mile (127.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.74% White, 0.17% African American, 4.46% Native American, 0.51% from other races, and 4.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.
There were 233 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,658, and the median income for a family was $35,769. Males had a median income of $24,219 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,643. About 6.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.