Hugo is a city and county seat of Choctaw County, Oklahoma, United States. It is located in southeastern Oklahoma about 9 miles (14 km) north of the Texas border. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,310.
The city was founded in 1901 and named for the French novelist Victor Hugo.The city serves as winter quarters for some circus performers. It is adjacent to one of the oldest schools west of the Mississippi: Goodland Academy, begun in 1848.
The town is located in a cultural area of the state known as Little Dixie, as it was settled by Native American tribes, African Americans and European Americans from the southeastern United States. It is near the tourist area of Kiamichi Country.
Hugo Daily News building
|Nickname(s): Circus City, USA|
Location of Hugo, Oklahoma
This was part of the Indian Territory to which the United States government relocated Native American tribes from east of the Mississippi River in the 1830s under its Indian Removal policy. Among the nations relocated here were the Choctaw, for whom the county is named. They were one of what were called the "Five Civilized Tribes" of the southeastern United States, as they had adopted numerous elements of European-American culture. When they relocated, they brought with them the numerous African-American slaves whom they held. As the Choctaw allied with the Confederate South during the American Civil War, the United States government insisted on a new peace treaty with them after its end. A condition was the Choctaws' emancipation of their slaves and granting to the freedmen of rights of full citizenship in the Choctaw nation, as the US was granting citizenship to former slaves of the South.
The St. Louis–San Francisco Railway (Frisco) built a line from Hope, Arkansas, to Ardmore, Oklahoma, in 1901. It crossed the north-south line Frisco had built in 1887 to connect Monett, Missouri, to Paris, Texas. The territorial town that sprung up at the crossing would soon be named Hugo. The town's name was recommended by the wife of local surveyor W.H. Darrough, a fan of Victor Hugo.
In late 1993, the town suffered several violent incidents. Before Christmas, a shootout occurred in a Wal-Mart parking lot. Within one week in December, two fires occurred; the first was at the Booker T. Washington gymnasium on December 26. On December 28 a fire erupted in the central business district of Hugo, consuming five buildings and burning for four hours. The Belmont Hotel, which the area historical society was renovating, was destroyed. Area authorities suspected that the fires were arson.
Hugo is located at the center of Choctaw County at United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.42 square miles (16.64 km2), of which 6.40.Hugo Lake on the Kiamichi River lies northeast of town, and Roebuck Lake, an oxbow former channel of the Red River, lies south of town. (34.009308, -95.514601). According to the
Hugo is the southern terminus of the Indian Nation Turnpike, a 105-mile (169 km) four-lane highway which runs northwest to Interstate 40 inHenryetta, providing a vital transportation link from southeastern Oklahoma to the state's largest cities, Oklahoma City and Tulsa.
Hugo implemented a council-manager form of city government in 1995.