Orange Cove is a small town in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 7,722 at the 2000 census. Almost all of Orange Cove's residents are Hispanic, many of whom are farmers. Orange Cove is located 8 miles (13 km) east-southeast of Reedley, at an elevation of 423 feet (129 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,722 people, 1,694 households, and 1,512 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,030.4 people per square mile (1,936.0/km²). There were 1,767 housing units at an average density of 1,151.1/sq mi (443.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 33.55% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 2.42% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 58.84% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. 90.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,694 households out of which 62.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.7% were non-families. 7.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.56 and the average family size was 4.66.
In the city the population was spread out with 40.4% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,357, and the median income for a family was $22,525. Males had a median income of $21,042 versus $16,821 for females. The per capita income for the city was $7,126. About 39.9% of families and 44.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
The community of Orange Cove maintained its own police department for many years. In 1992 however, the city disbanded its police department, due to an inadequate budget and began contracting with the Fresno County Sheriff's Department for police services.