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Food and Water borne diseases - Causes and Prevention

Posted last October 30, 2014, 10:07 am in Health report article

Second only to air, water is the most important thing in the world. Water has the power to give and take life. Water has always been the breeding grounds for diseases. With the historically recent increase in waste and pollution that is produced on a daily basis, the amount of diseases and harm that water can bring to us is increasing drastically.

The most important thing to note is that these diseases cannot be seen in water; they are invisible to the naked eye. It is for this reason that it is very important to filter or purify water. For example, decreasing the amount of total dissolved solids (TDS) in water to 0 ppm will decrease the possibility of contracting diseases. This can be done with various methods, such as the use of reverse osmosis (RO) and de-ionization (DI) systems.

Food and water-borne diseases could be caused by toxins produced by flourishing bacteria; injurious algal species; or polluted food and/or water with some kind of bacteria, parasites or viruses. Many incidents of food poisoning occur when someone eats food with harmful bacteria in it. The toxins or bacteria produced by them can make a person sick. Bacteria could also enter into the water supply and cause someone to fall sick. The waterborne disease is reserved largely for infections that predominantly are transmitted through contact with or consumption of infected water. Trivially, many infections may be transmitted by microbes or parasites that accidentally, possibly as a result of exceptional circumstances, have entered the water, but the fact that there might be an occasional freak infection need not mean that it is useful to categories the resulting disease as "waterborne". Nor is it common practice to refer to diseases such as malaria as "waterborne" just because mosquitoes have aquatic phases in their life cycles, or because treating the water they inhabit happens to be an effective strategy in control of the mosquitoes that are the vectors.

Nutritional wellbeing depends not only on the availability of food, but also on its successful absorption. Absorption is negatively affected by disease or infection as the body cannot fully transform the food consumed into energy and nutrients. Vulnerable members of the community – such as children, and pregnant women – are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition in these circumstances. ACTED is about to begin implementing a project which targets women’s groups for hygiene promotion and hygiene kit distribution in South Somalia in an effort to address underlying causes of malnutrition.

Waterborne diseases can have a significant impact on the economy, locally as well as internationally. People who are infected by a waterborne disease are usually confronted with related costs and seldom with a huge financial burden. This is especially the case in less developed countries. The financial losses are mostly caused by e.g. costs for medical treatment and medication, costs for transport, special food, and by the loss of manpower. Many families must even sell their land to pay for treatment in a proper hospital. On average, a family spends about 10% of the monthly household’s income per person infected.

Check out the Causes and Prevention steps to be taken for water-borne.

About the author:

Michael Mark Brodsky is a scientific/medical editor, novelist, playwright, and short story writer. He is best known for his novels, and for his translation of Samuel Beckett's Eleuthéria and he had written articles regarding various diseases, causes and there preventions. For more knowledge about the causes and preventions of food and water-borne disease please click the above link given.

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