Panna Maria (Polish for Virgin Mary) is a small unincorporated communityin Karnes County, Texas, United States. It is the oldest Upper Silesiansettlement in the United States.
|Coordinates: 28°57′29″N 97°53′50″W|
A Franciscan missionary, Father Leopold Moczygemba, started recruitingUpper Silesians in 1852, when Silesia was part of the Kingdom of Prussia. The immigrants began arriving at Indianola in early December 1854. With carts to haul them inland being scarce, the immigrants walked to their land grants near San Antonio and the town was settled on Christmas Eve, 1854.
The town's identity as an insular Polish enclave was sealed by four factors:
The community is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as thePanna Maria Historic District.