Parlier is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 11,145. The city has one of the state's highest percentage of Latinos, a large majority of them are seasonal migrant laborers who arrive and temporarily work in the area's agricultural sector. Parlier is located 5.5 miles (9 km) east-southeast of Selma, at an elevation of 344 feet (105 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²), of which, 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 11,145 people, 2,446 households, and 2,179 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,656.2/km² (6,862.9/mi²). There are 2,644 housing units at an average density of 630.2 persons/km² (1,628.1 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 33.63% White, 0.58% African American, 1.94% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 59.43% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. 96.97% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 2,446 households out of which 61.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% are married couples living together, 17.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 10.9% are non-families. 6.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.51 and the average family size is 4.59.
In the city the population is spread out with 37.9% under the age of 18, 14.3% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 4.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 24 years. For every 100 females there are 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 112.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $24,539, and the median income for a family is $24,275. Males have a median income of $16,585 versus $17,589 for females. The per capita income for the city is $7,078. 36.0% of the population and 33.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 42.9% are under the age of 18 and 18.6% are 65 or older.