Pecan Gap is a city mostly in Delta and expands into Fannin Counties within the U.S. state of Texas. It is sometimes informally referred to as The Gap by the residents of both the town and its immediate surrounding area. The population was 203 at the time of the 2010 census. It is named for the gap between two pecan trees, but unfortunately one of the two pecan trees was destroyed by a tornado in 1963.
A small house located in Pecan Gap
|Nickname(s): The Gap|
Location of Pecan Gap, Texas
|Coordinates: 33°26′17″N 95°50′56″W|
The first inhabitants of the area that is now the site of pecan Gap were the Caddo Indians, who settled large portions of eastern Texas as early as 800 A.D. The Caddo were highly advanced, living in large wooden structures, and were skilled farmers. The first European to visit the area was French explorer François Hervey, who discovered the area around 1750. A few decades afterwards, European disease and attacks from neighboring tribes as well as attacks from European settlers forced the Caddo out of the area around Pecan Gap. Around 1820, Delaware,Quapaw, and Seminole tribes began settling in the area. In 1836, the Republic of Texas officially recognized the region around Pecan Gap as part of Red River County. In 1840, Lamar County was formed, which absorbed much of the area just south of Pecan Gap. However, just six years later, the region was designated as part of the newly formed Hopkins County. In 1870 Delta County was created. As Pecan Gap grew it expanded into Fannin county.
Pecan Gap is classified as a city by the Census Bureau, and is one of just two incorporated communities in Delta County. The community is the second largest in the county, population-wise, behind Cooper. According to statistics from the Census Bureau, the city covers a total area of 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2), which is made up entirely of land.
Pecan Gap, as well as most of Delta County, is located in the Texas Blackland Prairies region, a flat, tall grass prairie ecosystem which covers a large portion of north central Texas. The region's elevation rarely strays from around 400 feet (120 m) to 500 feet (150 m). The area's geology consists mainly of deep clay, or clay mixed with a dark-colored loam. However, the county is also known to have high-quality topsoil, ideal for crop growing. A specific layer of the soil in the region is known as Pecan Gap Chalk, named for the city when it was discovered nearby in 1918. The layer is a blue-gray, sandy chalk substance, which is fossil-rich and is located in much of the Pecan Gap vicinity.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Pecan Gap is located in zone Cfa, Which experiences warm, wet summers and a humid subtropical climate. Temperature in Pecan Gap are generally high, with the average in January being 42 °F (6 °C) and in July being 82 °F (28 °C). The highest recorded temperature for Pecan Gap was 115 °F (46 °C) in July 1936, while the lowest recorded temperature was −5 °F (−21 °C) in January 1930. On average, the hottest month of the year is August, when temperatures stay around an average of 82 °F (28 °C). January is generally the coolest month, when the average temperature is around 42 °F (6 °C). The community receives little precipitation, with the average monthly high being around 5.5 inches (140 mm) in May and June. August is the dryest month for the city, when it receives an average of just 2 inches (51 mm) of rain.
Held annually on the second Saturday of October, a localized event known as the Pecan Festival (or simply Pecan Fest) takes place. It is organized by the Pecan Gap Ladies Club and features various attractions such as a parade, pet show, lawnmowerraces, food & drinks, and a gift shop open only during the event.
The City of Pecan Gap is served by the Fannindel Independent School District.