Phelan is a small unincorporated town located in San Bernardino County, California just south of California SR-18. It is located 30 miles east of Palmdale, and 18 miles west of Victorville. It is situated in the Victor Valley in the Mojave Desert north of the San Gabriel Mountains. As of 2007, the town of Phelan has a population just under 20,000 people, with an elevation of 4,112ft at the town center, located at the corner of Phelan Rd at Sheep Creek Rd.
Called "The Land of Champagne Climate," Phelan's history dates back to the days of the Mormon Trail, when settlers would pass through the area on their way to San Bernardino and points beyond. Despite this long history, the area is still relatively rural. Most businesses are situated in strip malls dotted along the sides of Phelan Rd, and the "main hub" of town would be the crossroad of Phelan Rd. and Sheepcreek Rd., where the majority of commercial activity and businesses are located. Paved roads are few due to the wishes of Phelan residents who would rather have dirt roads with which to ride their horses and dirt bikes (ballots for paving roads are continuously voted down). The area's schools include Piñon Mesa Middle School and Serrano High School (named after the Serrano Indians), Quail Valley Middle School (The best scoring school in the district), Baldy Mesa Elementary, and Phelan Elementary, which are in the Snowline Joint Unified School District, serve the community as well as the Wrightwood, Piñon Hills, Baldy Mesa, and Oak Hills communities.